Additional fact-finding and resolution of the case

After all the papers are filed, the Authority can resolve the case in a number of ways. If the papers give a complete picture, then the Authority can simply make a decision based on the written materials. If it needs to, however, then the Authority can ask for more materials, including answers to specific questions from the Authority's representative. In addition, the Authority can refer the case to a fact-finder, such as an administrative law judge. If fact-finding procedures occur, then both parties have to cooperate and respond to the orders and requests of the Authority and its representatives. If either party doesn't respond timely and fully, then that party might have its arguments disregarded.

After all fact-finding is complete, the Authority will issue a decision. If the proposal is negotiable or there is a duty to bargain, then the Authority will issue a decision and order the agency to bargain or to withdraw its agency head disapproval. If the proposal or provision is electively negotiable, then the Authority will say so. If the proposal or provision is non-negotiable, or there is no duty to bargain, then the Authority will dismiss the petition. Whatever the Authority's decision might say, the parties are obligated to obey Authority orders. If an agency does not follow the Authority's order to bargain within 60 days, then the union can report non-compliance to the Regional Director in the area of the country where the agency is located.