UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, BUREAU OF PRISONS, WASHINGTON, D.C. AND BUREAU OF PRISONS, FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION, RAY BROOK, NEW YORK and AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO, LOCAL 3882
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF
JUSTICE, BUREAU OF PRISONS,
WASHINGTON, D.C. AND BUREAU OF
PRISONS, FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL
INSTITUTION, RAY BROOK, NEW YORK
andAMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO, LOCAL 3882
Charging Party/ Union
Case No. 1-CA-40368(46 FLRA No. 89)
Martin R. Cohen For the Charging Party
Before: GARVIN LEE OLIVER Administrative Law Judge
DECISION ON ATTORNEY FEES
Statement of the Case
On December 18, 1992 the Authority, pursuant to a remand from the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in American Federation of Government Employees, Local 3882 v. FLRA, 944 F.2d 922 (D.C. Cir. 1991), remanded to this Office the attorney fee request for Martin R. Cohen "to determine the hourly rate and the amount of fees appropriate for the work Cohen performed." On December 29, 1992 the Chief Administrative Law Judge ordered Mr. Cohen, in the absence of agreement or stipulation, to produce satisfactory evidence of the prevailing rate in the community for similar services. He afforded the Respondent the opportunity to submit a response. The parties' responses were assigned to the undersigned for disposition.
Number of Hours
On June 16, 1987 Mr. Cohen billed for 2.5 hours expended in
the preparation of a supplemental brief in support of the Charging
Party's motion for attorney fees. I found the number of hours
requested to be reasonable, and the Authority found no error in the
granting of the hours requested. SeeUnited States
Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons, Washington, D.C. and
Bureau of Prisons, Federal Correctional Institution, Ray Brook, New
York, 32 FLRA 20 (1988) at 28 and 42. The Authority in its
recent remand stated, in part,
Although it is clear that Cohen expended 2.5 hours of work on this case, we are
nable to determine the market rate basis on which to award Cohen attorney fees.
Noting that this case arose at a time when the Authority was applying a cost-plus
basis for determining attorney fees, we will remand Cohen's request for attorney
fees to the Judge to determine the hourly market rate and the amount of fees appro-
-priate for the 2.5 hours of work Cohen performed.6/
6/ On September 23, 1992, Cohen mailed a Motion for Payment of Attorney Fees Upon Reversal and
Remand to the Office of the Administrative Law Judges. On October 7, 1992, the document was
transferred to the Authority's Docket Room. The Judge may consider this material on remand or
request additional documen-tation.
It is not clear that the Authority was restricting my
consideration of Mr. Cohen's attorney fee request to the 2.5 hours
he expended on the motion for attorney fees on June 16, 1987, or
whether additional hours expended by Mr. Cohen in connection with
the current request for attorney fees should also be considered. In
view of the Authority's reference to Mr. Cohen's September 23, 1992
motion, in which he requests that one additional hour be allowed
for preparation of that motion on September 22, 1992 following the
Court's reversal and remand, and the Authority's more general order
which requires me "to determine the hourly rate and the amount of
fees appropriate for the work performed," I conclude that, although
not free from doubt, the additional hours requested should be
considered to avoid a further remand.
The Authority has held that an award for work performed in connection with the application for attorney fees is reasonable under the Back Pay Act. Department of the Air Force Headquarters, 832D Combat Support Group DPCE, Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, 32 FLRA 1084, 1106-08 (1988) (Luke AFB); National Association of Government Employees, Local R5-188 and U.S. Department of the Air Force, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, 46 FLRA 458, 469 (1992). An award for work performed on the attorney fee application following the Authority's remand is also reasonable. This is nothing more than a derivative or continuing action enforcing the original entitlement to fee and is "related to the personnel action" as required by the Back Pay Act.(1)Cf.U.S. Depart-ment of Treasury, U.S. Customs Service, Washington, D.C. and U.S. Customs Service, Region IV, Miami, Florida, Case
No. 4-CA-90748, ALJ Decision Reports, No. 95 (1991). A fee award
has already been held to meet the other standards of the Back Pay
As noted, Mr. Cohen states that he spent one hour preparing
the motion on September 23, 1992. Mr. Cohen has also detailed 9.5
hours of work performed since the Authority's remand decision. This
was expended studying the Authority's decision (1 hour), studying
the Authority's decision together with the Chief Judge's order (1
hour), discussing settlement of the attorney fee with Union
representatives and agency counsel pursuant to the Chief Judge's
order (1 hour), and researching and drafting the requested response
and affidavits (6.5 hours). The total of two hours spent studying
the Authority's decision and the Chief Judge's order appear
excessive in light of their length and content and, accordingly, is
reduced by one hour. It is determined that the remaining 12 hours
were reasonably expended.
Hourly Market Rate
With respect to the 2.5 hours expended in 1987, Mr. Cohen stated
in his affidavit of June 19, 1987, without any supporting
documentation, that "Market value in the Delaware Valley would be
$100 an hour." Mr. Cohen now claims that the market rate for his
services in the area where he practiced in 1987 was $150.00 an
hour. He has submitted satisfactory documentation that such a rate
was at that time in line with those in the community for similar
services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience, and
reputation. Accordingly, the rate of $150 for the 2.5 hours is
Mr. Cohen requests a market rate of $171.82 an hour for the
9.5 hours of work performed in 1992 and 1993. The documentation he
has submitted shows that in 1990-1991 a comparable lawyer in his
area billed between $160-165 an hour. He also established that in
August 1992 he was awarded a fee of over $14,000.00 using a rate of
$171.82 an hour. Awards from courts can constitute relevant
evidence regarding an attorney's market rate. Luke
AFB, 32 FLRA at 1112. Accord-ingly, it is determined that
$171.82 is a reasonable hourly rate for the 9.5 hours.
Fee Enhancement for Delay in Payment
In his submission of September 23, 1992 Mr. Cohen requested
4% simple interest per year since 1987 due to the delay in payment.
The Back Pay Statute, 5 U.S.C. § 5596(b)(2)(A), provides that an
amount "payable under paragraph (1)(A)(i) of this subsection shall
be payable with interest." Inasmuch as paragraph (1)(A)(i) is
specifically referenced and pertains only to the payment of pay,
allow-ances, or differentials and not to reasonable attorney fees
as specifically provided for in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), it must be
determined that there is no statutory authorization for the payment
of interest with respect to attorney fees in back pay cases.
Cf.Library of Congress v. Shaw, 106 S. Ct.
In his submission of January 28, 1993 Mr. Cohen requests
that the 2.5 hours he expended in 1987 be paid at his current rate
of $171.82 an hour in order to compensate him for the now six year
delay in payment. Mr. Cohen cites no authority for such an
adjustment under the Back Pay Act, and I am not aware of any.
Accordingly, the request is denied.
Based on the foregoing findings and conclusions it is
recommended that the Authority issue the following Order.
Pursuant to the Back Pay Act, 5 U.S.C. § 5596, and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, 5 U.S.C. § 7701(g), the Authority grants an award in the amount of $2007.29. The Authority orders the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Prisons, Washington, D.C. and the Bureau of Prisons, Federal
Correctional Institution, Ray Brook, NY to pay such sum to the
AFGE Legal Representation Fund.
Issued, Washington, DC, April 9, 1993
GARVIN LEE OLIVER
Administrative Law Judge
1. The parties have advised that the availability of "fees for fees" under the Back Pay Act is one of the issues that was argued before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on January 12, 1993 in AFGE,
AFL-CIO, Local 3882 v. FLRA and U.S. Department of Justice, No. 88-1375.