PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION REPUBLIC OF PANAMA and DISTRICT 1, MARINE ENGINEERS' BENEFICIAL ASSOCIATION, AFL-CIO REPUBLIC OF PANAMA
OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20424-0001
PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION
REPUBLIC OF PANAMA
DISTRICT 1, MARINE ENGINEERS'
BENEFICIAL ASSOCIATION, AFL-CIO
REPUBLIC OF PANAMA
Case No. DA-CA-40377
Richard J. Hirn Counsel for the Charging Party
Before: GARVIN LEE OLIVER Administrative Law Judge
ON APPLICATION FOR AN AWARD OF ATTORNEY FEES
I. Statement of the Case
This decision concerns an application by the Charging Party for an award of attorney fees under the Back Pay Act, 5 U.S.C. § 5596, and 5 C.F.R. § 550.807 in connection with a previously decided unfair labor practice case.
All counsel, including counsel for the General Counsel, were
provided an opportunity to respond to the application. The
Respondent filed a reply. Upon consideration of the entire record,
I make the following findings and conclusions.
II. An Award of Attorney Fees is Authorizedby the Back Pay Act.
The Back Pay Act, 5 U.S.C. § 5596(b)(1) provides in part that an employee who is found to have been "affected by an unjustified or unwarranted personnel action which has resulted in the withdrawal or reduction of all or part of the pay, allowances, or differentials of the employee" is entitled to receive "all or any part of the pay, allowances, or differentials . . . which the employee normally would have earned or received during the period if the personnel action had not occurred" and "reasonable attorney fees related to the personnel action . . . awarded in accordance with standards established under section 7701(g) of this title. . . ." 5 U.S.C. § 5596(b)(1)(A)(i) and (ii).
The application for attorney fees meets these threshold requirements. The effect of the final Order in the underlying case was to determine that Mr. Goldsworthy had been affected by an unjustified or unwarranted personnel action which resulted in the withdrawal of pay. The final Order corrected this action with a remedy which included an award of backpay.
III. Application of Standards for Attorney Fee Awards Under the Back Pay Act
The prerequisites for an award of attorney fees under 5 U.S.C. § 7701(g)(1), which apply to all cases except those involving allegations of discrimination, are as follows: (1) the employee must be the prevailing party; (2) the award of fees must be warranted in the interest of justice; (3) the amount of the fees must be reasonable; and (4) the fees must have been incurred by the employee. U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Mapping Agency, Hydrographic/Topographic Center, Washington, D.C. and American Federation of Government Employees, Local 3407, 47 FLRA 1187, 1191-92 (1993); 5 U.S.C. § 5596(b)(1)(A)(i) and (ii).
There is no dispute that the employee prevailedand incurred attorney fees within the meaning of section 7701(g)(1). See Department of the Air Force Headquarters, 832D Combat Support Group DPCE, Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, 32 FLRA 1084, 1094-95 (1988) (Union incurred fees on behalf of employees and employees obtained backpay award; fact that employees did not directly file the successful unfair labor practice charge does not preclude an award of attorney fees).
Interest of Justice
An award of fees is warranted in the interest of justice in
cases: (1) involving prohibited personnel practices; (2) where
agency actions are clearly without merit or wholly unfounded, or
where the employee is substantially innocent of charges brought by
the agency; (3) when agency actions are taken in bad faith to
harass or exert improper pressure on an employee; (4) when gross
procedural error by an agency prolonged the proceeding or severely
prejudiced the employee; (5) where the agency knew or should have
known it would not prevail on the merits when it brought the
proceeding; or (6) where there is either a service rendered to the
Federal work force or there is a benefit to the public derived from
maintaining the action. An award of fees is warranted in the
interest of justice if any one of these criteria is met.
United States Department of the Treasury, Internal
Revenue Service, Austin Compliance Center, Austin, Texas, 48
FLRA 1281, 1292 (1994).
The applicant claims that an award of attorney fees is in
the interest of justice in this case because the suspension of Mr.
Goldsworthy for contacting an Agency contractor regarding a safety
concern was clearly without merit, was wholly unfounded, and Mr.
Goldsworthy was substantially innocent of the charges.
The underlying unfair labor practice complaint alleged that
Respondent violated section 7116(a)(1) and (2) of the Federal
Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (the Statute), 5 U.S.C.
§§ 7116(a)(1) and (2), by issuing a five-day suspension to an
employee, Mr. Daniel Goldsworthy, an official of the Charging Party
(Union). The complaint alleged that the suspension was issued
because Mr. Goldsworthy, in his capacity as a Union official,
contacted Mr. John Tyson, a representative of an insurance broker
under contract by Respondent to provide services in connection with
placing catastrophic insurance coverage.
Respondent challenged Mr. Goldsworthy's status as an
"employee" within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. § 7103(a)(2) and alleged
that the basis for the suspension involved the content of his
contact with the contractor's representative in addition to the
contact itself. Respondent claimed that Mr. Goldsworthy's
statements to the contractor were made with knowledge of their
falsity or in reckless disregard of whether they were true or false
and statements which were disloyal to his employer.
I conclude that fees are warranted in the interests of
justice in this case as the result in the underlying unfair labor
practice proceeding shows that Mr. Goldsworthy was ultimately found
to be substantially innocent of the charges brought by the agency.
See United States
Department of Housing and Urban Development, Region VI, and United
States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Region
VI, San Antonio Area Office, 24 FLRA
885, 888-89 (1986)(A decision on whether an agency's personnel
action was "clearly without merit" or was "wholly unfounded," or
whether the employee was "substantially innocent" is to be based on
the result of the underlying unfair labor practice proceeding, not
on the agency's motivation, evidence, and information when it
initiated the action.)
The underlying decision found that Mr. Goldsworthy, a supervisor and Union official, had the right, under the Statute and the related applicable laws, to present the views of the labor organization to third parties on matters affect-ing unit employees' conditions of employment and made an appropriate contact with a risk management professional, who was employed by Respondent's contractor to identify and reduce the Respondent's catastrophic insurance risk exposure. It was determined that the manning of the unmonitored towboats, which was the Union's legitimate labor relations concern and the subject of collective bargaining at the time, hada reasonable nexus to the contractor's responsibility to improve the fire protection capability of the Canal for the Respondent. Respondent's position that Mr. Goldsworthy made statements to the contractor which were false or made in reckless disregard of whether they were true or false, and statements which were disloyal to his employer, was rejected following a thorough examination of each of the alleged statements. It was determined that the statements were well within the bounds of protected activity as outlined in cases by the Authority, the National Labor Relations Board, and the Supreme Court.
Reasonableness of the fee
Respondent argues that the fee should be reduced because Counsel did not prevail on claims asserted in his response to the Agency's proposed suspension (Whistleblower Protection Act and First Amendment) or on all claims asserted in the unfair labor practice proceeding.
Where the plaintiff has failed to prevail on a claim that is
"distinct in all respects" from the successful claims, the hours
spent on the unsuccessful claim should be excluded in considering
the amount of a reasonable fee. Hensley v.
Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 440 (1983). However, "[w]here a
lawsuit consists of related claims, a plaintiff who has won
substantial relief should not have [the] attorney's fee reduced
simply because the district court did not adopt each contention
raised." Id. The Court stated that when a
plaintiff's claims for relief involve a common core of facts, or
are based on related legal theories, the "lawsuit cannot be viewed
as a series of discrete claims." Id. at
435. SeeAmerican Federation of Government
Employees, Local 2241 and U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Medical Center, Denver, Colorado, 49 FLRA 1403 (1994)
(Arbitration award found deficient and remanded insofar as it
denied attorney fees for work performed on the grievant's claim of
racial discrimi-nation and only allowed fee for work connected with
claimed violation of collective bargaining agreement where claims
arose solely from the agency's suspension in issue.)
In this case, it is clear that the employee's alternative claims arose solely from a common core of facts involving his representational activity and the Agency's decision to impose the suspension. Accordingly, the claims are not distinct in all respects and will not be reduced on this basis.
Counsel documents a total of 13.44 hours defending Mr. Goldsworthy before the Agency when the suspension was first proposed. In the absence of a specific showing to the contrary by the Respondent, I conclude from the explanation of the dates, time, and nature of the work performed that the hours claimed by Counsel for the Union were reasonably expended in this regard.
Whether Outside Counsel Contributed to General
The Authority stated in United States
Department of Treasury, Internal Revenue Service, Austin Compliance
Center, Austin, Texas, 48 FLRA 1281, 1295 (1994):
The Authority's Rules and Regulations provide that a party
to an unfair labor practice case has, among other things, the
right to appear at any hearing with counsel and the right to
file a post-hearing brief to the Judge. See 5 C.F.R. §§
2423.16 and 2423.25. Because "these aspects of participation
are entitlement under the Authority's Rules and Regulations,
[the Authority] will not second-guess a party's decision to
seek legal representation" for an unfair labor practice
proceeding. HUD, 24 FLRA at 891. "Nor will [the Authority]
conclude, absent a specific showing, that participation by
outside counsel was either duplicative of, or failed to make
a substantial contribution to, the General Counsel's efforts
in prosecuting the case." Id.
Counsel documents a total of 19.2 hours spent in
pre-hearing, telephone conferences with the Authority attorney and
Mr. Goldsworthy and in researching and preparing the Union's brief.
Counsel, who is located in Washington, D.C., did not appear at the
hearing in Panama. The Union's brief presented the arguments in
different ways from the General Counsel, and my conclusion that Mr.
Goldsworthy was entitled to the protections of the Statute was
specifically attributed, in part, to the Union's reasoning. In the
absence of a specific showing to the contrary by the Respondent, I
conclude that the hours claimed by Counsel for the Union were
reasonably expended on the case and did not primarily duplicate, or
fail to contribute to, the General Counsel's efforts in prosecuting
the case. Counsel's documentation of an additional 7.75 hours spent
in connection with the fee application is also found to be
Respondent requests that Counsel's claimed standard,
nondiscounted hourly billing rate ($225) be reduced to more
accurately reflect the billing rates of sole practitioners or
attorneys in small firms. Counsel is a sole practitioner in
Washington, D.C., but claims that his standard billing rate is
commensurate with that of some partners in Washington, D.C. law
firms. He has provided a survey of partner, associate, and legal
assistant billing rates and has set forth his education, published
articles, experience over some 15 years, and noteworthy litigation
before the Authority, district courts, courts of appeal, and U.S.
Supreme Court. In addition, Counsel notes that he serves as General
Counsel of one labor organization and represents four others on a
regular basis. Aside from pointing to the size of the applicant's
firm, Respondent has failed to provide any information that
demonstrates that the applicant's hourly rates are not consistent
with those in the community for similar lawyers of comparable
skill, experience, and reputation. Based on the record presented by
the applicant, I find the requested fee of $225 per hour for the
documented 40.39 hours ($9087.75) to be reasonable.
Counsel for the Union requests expenses in the amountof
$533.49, as follows: $300.66 for the transcript of the hearing,
$27.30 for photoduplication, $10.53 for postage, and $195.00 for a
copy of the billing survey.
Respondent objects to these costs. The hearing transcript is not a recoverable cost, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Region VI, and UnitedStates Department of Housing and Urban Development, Region VI,San Antonio Area Office, 24 FLRA 885, 892 (1986), nor is the cost of photo duplication, Department of the Air Force Head-quarters, 832D Combat Support Group DPCE, Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, 32 FLRA 1084, 1113-14 (1988) (Luke AFB). However, the cost of postage, see Luke AFB, and the cost of the survey are reasonable and necessary out-of-pocket expenses which may be included in an award of attorney fees.
Based on t