DOD Dependents Schools and Overseas Education Association, NEA; DOD Dependents Schools and Overseas Federation of Teachers, AFT; DOD Dependents Schools and PANAMA Canal Federation of Teachers, Local 29, AFT; DOD Dependents Schools and Overseas Education Association, NEA and Overseas Federation of Teachers, AFT; DOD Dependents Schools and AFGE Local 14




[ v06 p297 ]
06:0297(55)CU
The decision of the Authority follows:


 
 6 FLRA No. 55
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-CU-5
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION,
 NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-20
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-CU-20
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-CU-21
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-AC-16
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-34
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-35
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-CU-24
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-45
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 36-CU-7
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 36-RO-30
 
 PANAMA CANAL FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 LOCAL 29, AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-51
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-52
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-53
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity/Petitioner
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RA-5
 
 OVERSEAS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, NEA
 Labor Organization
 
 and
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, AFT,
 AFL-CIO
 Labor Organization
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 36-RO-38
 
 AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT
 EMPLOYEES, LOCAL 14, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-5
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
 
 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS
 SCHOOLS
 Activity
 
 and
                                            Case No. 3-RO-55
 
 OVERSEAS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS,
 AFT, AFL-CIO
 Petitioner
 
                 DECISION, ORDER AND DIRECTION OF ELECTION
 
    UPON PETITIONS FILED WITH THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY UNDER
 SECTION 7111 OF THE FEDERAL SERVICE LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS STATUTE
 (THE STATUTE) AND SECTION 2422.1 OF THE AUTHORITY'S RULES AND
 REGULATIONS, A CONSOLIDATED HEARING WAS HELD BEFORE A HEARING OFFICER OF
 THE AUTHORITY.  THE AUTHORITY HAS REVIEWED THE HEARING OFFICER'S RULINGS
 MADE AT THE HEARING AND FINDS THAT THEY ARE FREE FROM PREJUDICIAL ERROR.
  THEY ARE HEREBY AFFIRMED.
 
    UPON THE ENTIRE RECORD, INCLUDING BRIEFS TIMELY FILED BY THE OVERSEAS
 FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, AFT, AFL-CIO (OFT);  THE PANAMA CANAL FEDERATION
 OF TEACHERS, LOCAL 29, AFL-CIO (PCFT);  AND THE OVERSEAS EDUCATION
 ASSOCIATION, NEA (OEA);  THE AUTHORITY FINDS AS FOLLOWS:
 
                                   FACTS
 
                         (1) HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
 
    HISTORICALLY, POST-WORLD WAR II ERA RESPONSIBILITY FOR DEPENDENTS'
 EDUCATION WAS LEFT TO THE INDIVIDUAL MILITARY SERVICES.  HOWEVER, IN
 1965 A STANDARDIZED SCHOOL SYSTEM WAS CREATED AND PLACED UNDER THE
 OVERALL CONTROL OF THE OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
 (MANPOWER, RESERVE AFFAIRS, AND LOGISTICS).  THAT SCHOOL SYSTEM WAS
 DIVIDED INTO THREE GEOGRAPHIC AREAS.  EACH AREA WAS MADE THE
 RESPONSIBILITY OF ONE OF THE THREE MILITARY SERVICES, AS FOLLOWS:
 EUROPEAN AREA-- ARMY;  PACIFIC AREA-- AIR FORCE;  AND ATLANTIC AREA--
 NAVY.  IN 1976, RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE SCHOOL SYSTEM WAS SHIFTED FROM
 THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS
 (DODDS) WHICH HAD BEEN CREATED AS A FIELD ACTIVITY WITHIN THE OFFICE OF
 THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.  THE SCHOOL SYSTEM REMAINED DIVIDED INTO THREE
 REGIONS (EUROPE, ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC), WHICH IN TURN CONSISTED OF
 DISTRICTS, SUBDISTRICTS AND SCHOOLS.  IN JULY 1979, AS WILL BE DISCUSSED
 IN MORE DETAIL INFRA, DODDS WAS REORGANIZED, A RESULT BEING THAT THE
 THREE REGIONS WERE REPLACED BY FIVE (PACIFIC, ATLANTIC, GERMANY NORTH,
 GERMANY SOUTH AND MEDITERRANEAN) AND THE DISTRICTS AND SUBDISTRICTS WERE
 ELIMINATED.
 
    IN PANAMA, PRIOR TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL ACT OF
 1979 (93 STAT. 456) A SYSTEM OF SCHOOLS AND A TWO YEAR COLLEGE (THE
 PANAMA CANAL COLLEGE) WERE OPERATED BY THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY AND THE
 CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT.  AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THAT ACT, FUNCTIONS WERE
 TRANSFERRED AND THE STAFFS OF THOSE INSTITUTIONS BECAME EMPLOYEES OF
 DODDS.
 
    THE HISTORY OF REPRESENTATION OF THE CURRENT DODDS EMPLOYEES IS AS
 FOLLOWS:  IN 1967 OEA GAINED RECOGNITION UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 FOR
 CERTAIN TEACHERS IN THE EUROPEAN AREA, IN 1969 OEA GAINED RECOGNITION
 UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 FOR CERTAIN TEACHERS IN THE PACIFIC AREA,
 AND IN 1975 OEA GAINED RECOGNITION UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 11491, AS
 AMENDED, FOR CERTAIN TEACHERS IN THE ATLANTIC AREA.  IN JULY 1976 OEA'S
 THREE UNITS WERE CONSOLIDATED AND IN 1977 AN AGREEMENT WAS NEGOTIATED
 COVERING THE FOLLOWING CONSOLIDATED UNIT:
 
    INCLUDED:  ALL NON-SUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL PERSONNEL EMPLOYED
 IN THE DOD DEPENDENT
 
    SCHOOLS IN THE EUROPEAN AREA, THE PACIFIC AREA AND THE ATLANTIC AREA,
 INCLUDING THOSE WITH
 
    "NOT TO EXCEED" APPOINTMENTS REPRESENTED BY OEA ON 7/16/75.
 
    EXCLUDED:  ALL SCHOOL PERSONNEL COVERED BY NEGOTIATED AGREEMENTS WITH
 OR CERTIFICATIONS
 
    ISSUED TO LABOR ORGANIZATIONS OTHER THAN OVERSEAS EDUCATION
 ASSOCIATION/NATIONAL EDUCATION
 
    ASSOCIATION.  INDEPENDENT, NON-PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES, SUBSTITUTE
 TEACHERS, EMPLOYEES ENGAGED
 
    IN FEDERAL PERSONNEL WORK IN OTHER THAN A PURELY CLERICAL CAPACITY,
 MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, AND
 
    SUPERVISORS AS DEFINED IN THE ORDER, AND ALL SCHOOL PERSONNEL NOT
 UNDER EXCLUSIVE RECOGNITION
 
    OF A LABOR ORGANIZATION.
 
    OFT OBTAINED RECOGNITION UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 AND EXECUTIVE
 ORDER 11491, AS AMENDED, FOR TEACHERS IN SOME SCHOOLS IN THE EUROPEAN
 AREA.  IN 1973, A RESIDUAL UNIT IN THE EUROPEAN AREA, CONSISTING OF
 TEACHERS IN THE OFT SCHOOLS AND ALL UNREPRESENTED SCHOOLS, WAS FOUND
 APPROPRIATE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, UNITED STATES DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 EUROPEAN AREA, 3 A/SLMR NO. 260(1973)).  OFT WON THE ENSUING ELECTION
 AND WAS CERTIFIED AS THE EXCLUSIVE REPRESENTATIVE FOR A UNIT OF:
 
    ALL PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL PERSONNEL EMPLOYED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF
 DEFENSE OVERSEAS DEPENDENT
 
    SCHOOLS, EUROPEAN AREA, INCLUDING THOSE WITH "NOT TO EXCEED"
 APPOINTMENTS, EXCLUDING ALL
 
    SCHOOL PERSONNEL COVERED BY NEGOTIATED AGREEMENTS IN EFFECT AS OF
 MARCH 17, 1972,
 
    NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES, SUBSTITUTE TEACHERS, EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN
 FEDERAL PERSONNEL WORK IN
 
    OTHER THAN A PURELY CLERICAL CAPACITY, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, AND
 SUPERVISORS AND GUARDS AS
 
    DEFINED IN THE ORDER.
 
    OFT NEGOTIATED AN AGREEMENT FOR THAT UNIT IN 1974 AND SOUGHT TO
 NEGOTIATE A SUCCESSOR AGREEMENT IN 1978.  AFTER SOME DISPUTE AS TO
 WHETHER NEGOTIATIONS WERE APPROPRIATE IN VIEW OF THE REORGANIZATION OF
 DODDS, OFT AND DODDS NEGOTIATED AN INTERIM AGREEMENT;  SIGNATORIES FOR
 DODDS WERE THE REGIONAL DIRECTORS FOR THE FOUR INVOLVED REGIONS.
 
    ALTHOUGH THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY AND CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT WERE
 EXCLUDED FROM COVERAGE UNDER EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988 AND EXECUTIVE ORDER
 11491, AS AMENDED, THERE WAS A LIMITED FORM OF UNION RECOGNITION.
 DEALINGS WITH THE UNIONS WERE CONSULTATIVE IN NATURE, AND NO CONTRACTS
 WERE NEGOTIATED.  MOREOVER, THE GRANTS OF RECOGNITION WERE, IN SOME
 INSTANCES, OVERLAPPING.  THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT
 EMPLOYEES, LOCAL 14, AFL-CIO (AFGE LOCAL 14) HELD RECOGNITION FOR
 EMPLOYEES OF THE PANAMA CANAL COLLEGE, AND PCFT HELD RECOGNITION FOR ALL
 TEACHERS IN THE CANAL ZONE (INCLUDING THOSE AT THE PANAMA CANAL COLLEGE)
 AS WELL AS FOR CERTAIN "ABOVE-SCHOOL" PERSONNEL WHO, AMONG OTHER THINGS,
 ASSISTED TEACHERS.
 
                           (2) THE PETITIONS /1/
 
    IN CASE NO. 3-CU-24, OEA SEEKS TO CLARIFY ITS UNIT TO ALSO INCLUDE
 ALL EMPLOYEES IN THE OFT UNIT.  OEA ARGUES THAT THE REORGANIZATION OF
 DODDS HAS RENDERED THE OFT UNIT INAPPROPRIATE AND THAT THE ONLY
 APPROPRIATE UNIT IS A WORLDWIDE ONE.
 
    IN CASE NO. 36-CU-7, OEA SEEKS TO CLARIFY ITS UNIT TO INCLUDE CERTAIN
 PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE PANAMA REGION.
 
    IN CASE NO. 3-AC-16, OFT SEEKS TO AMEND THE CERTIFICATION FOR ITS
 UNIT TO REFLECT THE REORGANIZATION OF DODDS FROM THREE TO FIVE REGIONS.
 OFT'S POSITION IS THAT ITS UNIT, RATHER THAN BEING CONFINED TO THE AREA
 OF THE FORMER EUROPEAN REGION, NOW INCLUDES CERTAIN EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED
 TO SCHOOLS IN THE ATLANTIC, GERMANY NORTH, GERMANY SOUTH AND
 MEDITERRANEAN REGIONS.
 
    IN CASE NO. 3-RO-55, OFT HAS PETITIONED FOR AN ELECTION IN A UNIT
 CONSISTING OF CERTAIN PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE
 MEDITERRANEAN REGION OF DODDS.
 
    IN CASE NO. 3-RA-5, DODDS FILED A PETITION ASSERTING THAT, AS A
 RESULT OF ITS REORGANIZATION AND ITS CONCOMITANT RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE
 SCHOOLS IN PANAMA, THE OEA AND OFT UNITS ARE NO LONGER APPROPRIATE.
 DODDS ARGUES THAT THE ONLY UNIT WHICH IS NOT APPROPRIATE IS ONE WHICH IS
 WORLDWIDE IN SCOPE.
 
    IN CASE NO. 36-RO-30, PCFT HAS FILED A PETITION SEEKING AN ELECTION
 IN A UNIT DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS:
 
    INCLUDED:  ALL NON-SUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL LEVEL PERSONNEL WHO ARE
 EMPLOYEES OF DODDS,
 
    PANAMA REGION, THROUGH GRADE OF VICE-PRINCIPAL.
 
    EXCLUDED:  SUBSTITUTES, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS, CLERICAL
 WORKERS.
 
    IN CASE NO. 36-RO-38, AFGE LOCAL 14 HAS PETITIONED FOR AN ELECTION IN
 A UNIT CONSISTING OF CERTAIN PROFESSIONAL AND NON-PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES
 ASSIGNED TO THE PANAMA CANAL COLLEGE.
 
    IN SUM, DODDS AND OEA CONTEND THAT, UNDER THE CHANGED CIRCUMSTANCES,
 THE ONLY UNIT WHICH IS APPROPRIATE IS ONE WHICH IS WORLDWIDE IN SCOPE.
 MORE SPECIFICALLY, OEA CONTENDS THAT ITS OLD UNIT CONTINUES TO BE
 APPROPRIATE AND HAS BEEN AUGMENTED BY THE ACCRETION OF ALL ELIGIBLE
 EMPLOYEES WHO WERE NOT PREVIOUSLY INCLUDED.  ON THE OTHER HAND, OFT
 MAINTAINS THAT ITS UNIT CONTINUES TO BE APPROPRIATE OR, ALTERNATIVELY,
 THAT REGIONWIDE UNITS ARE APPROPRIATE.  FINALLY, PCFT TAKES THE POSITION
 THAT A UNIT CONSISTING OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE PANAMA
 REGION IS APPROPRIATE AND AFGE LOCAL 14 CONTENDS THAT A UNIT CONSISTING
 OF CERTAIN PROFESSIONAL AND NON-PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE
 PANAMA CANAL COLLEGE IS APPROPRIATE.
 
                                 (3) DODDS
 
    DODDS IS A FIELD ACTIVITY WITHIN THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF
 DEFENSE WHICH IS UNDER THE POLICY GUIDANCE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF
 DEFENSE/MANPOWER, RESERVE AFFAIRS AND LOGISTICS.  ITS MISSION IS TO
 PROVIDE A QUALITY EDUCATION FOR ELIGIBLE MINOR DEPENDENTS OF MILITARY
 AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STATIONED OVERSEAS,
 AND TO ADVISE AND COUNSEL THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE ON MATTERS
 RELATING TO DEPENDENTS' SCHOOLS.  DODDS CONSISTS OF APPROXIMATELY 276
 SCHOOLS IN 21 COUNTRIES.  IT IS CURRENTLY ORGANIZED INTO SIX REGIONS,
 EACH WITH REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS.  IT IS HEADED BY A DIRECTOR WHO IS
 LOCATED AT THE ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA, HEADQUARTERS WHICH CONSISTS OF FIVE
 DIVISIONS-- ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES, EDUCATION, PERSONNEL, FINANCIAL
 MANAGEMENT AND LOGISTICS.  EACH REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS IS SIMILARLY
 STRUCTURED.
 
    THE CONSTITUENT SCHOOLS ARE HEADED BY A PRINCIPAL OR DEAN WHO REPORTS
 TO A REGIONAL DIRECTOR THROUGH ONE INTERMEDIATE LEVEL OF MANAGEMENT.
 OTHER TYPES OF PERSONNEL FOUND THROUGHOUT THE DODDS SYSTEM ARE AS
 FOLLOWS:  EDUCATIONAL AID, GS-1702;  EDUCATIONAL TECHNICIAN, GS-1702;
 TEACHER, AD-1710;  GUIDANCE COUNSELOR, AD-1710;  TRAINING INSTRUCTOR,
 AD-1712;  SCHOOL SOCIAL WORKER, AD-185;  AND SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGIST,
 AD-180.  DODDS HEADQUARTERS AND THE REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS ARE STAFFED BY
 EMPLOYEES IN CLERICAL SUPPORT AND ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS AS WELL AS BY
 EDUCATIONAL COORDINATORS IN THE VARIOUS CORE SUBJECT AREAS.  POSITION
 DESCRIPTIONS FOR EDUCATORS ARE UNIFORM THROUGHOUT DODDS, AND
 QUALIFICATIONS ARE ESTABLISHED BY DODDS AND APPLY THROUGHOUT THE SYSTEM.
 
    PAY IS ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT OVERSEAS
 TEACHERS PAY AND PERSONNEL PRACTICES ACT (73 STAT. 213(1959)) AND,
 ESSENTIALLY, IS DETERMINED BY BASING A SALARY SCHEDULE ON A SURVEY OF A
 SELECTED NUMBER OF SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES.  TEACHERS ARE ALSO
 ELIGIBLE FOR VARIOUS ALLOWANCES AND FOREIGN POST DIFFERENTIALS WHICH ARE
 DEPENDENT UPON THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF THE SCHOOL INVOLVED AND ARE
 IN MANY INSTANCES DETERMINED BY THE STATE DEPARTMENT.  TOURS OF DUTY AT
 A PARTICULAR SCHOOL ARE FOR EITHER ONE OR TWO YEARS.  THE BASIC POLICY
 ON EMPLOYEE TRANSFERS IS DEVELOPED AT THE DODDS HEADQUARTERS LEVEL.
 WITH RESPECT TO PANAMA AND THE FORMER EUROPEAN REGION, THE HISTORY OF
 EMPLOYEE TRANSFER AND INTERCHANGE IS THAT THE MAJORITY OF TRANSFERS WERE
 INTRA-REGIONAL IN NATURE.  THE NEGOTIATED AGREEMENT BETWEEN OEA AND
 DODDS CONTAINS PROVISIONS RELATING TO INTRA-REGIONAL AS WELL AS
 INTER-REGIONAL TRANSFERS.
 
    THE WORKDAY OF AN INDIVIDUAL TEACHER VARIES THROUGHOUT THE SYSTEM,
 WITH FLUCTUATIONS DEPENDENT UPON THE SCHOOL AND ACTIVITIES PLANNED FOR A
 GIVEN DAY;  HOWEVER, TEACHERS NORMALLY REPORT 20 MINUTES BEFORE THEIR
 FIRST CLASS AND DEPART 30 MINUTES AFTER THEIR LAST CLASS.  MOST SCHOOLS
 ADHERE TO A MONDAY-FRIDAY SCHEDULE, AND PRINCIPALS HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO
 DECIDE THE SPECIFIC HOURS THAT A SCHOOL WILL BE OPEN.
 
    WITHIN DODDS THERE ARE THREE LAYERS OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.  THE
 SERVICING LEVEL CONSISTS OF APPROXIMATELY 54 PERSONNEL OFFICES
 DISTRIBUTED AMONG THE THREE MILITARY BRANCHES WHICH, PURSUANT TO
 SERVICING AGREEMENTS WITH DODDS, PROVIDE DAY-TO-DAY PERSONNEL SERVICES
 FOR EMPLOYEES IN THE VARIOUS SCHOOLS.  THE REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS EACH
 HAVE A PERSONNEL DIVISION WHICH IS RESPONSIBLE FOR IMPLEMENTING
 POLICIES, PROCEDURES AND PROGRAMS WHICH ARE DEVELOPED AND ISSUED AT THE
 DODDS HEADQUARTERS LEVEL.  THE REGIONAL PERSONNEL OFFICES ARE ALSO
 RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING ADVICE TO THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR AND FOR
 EVALUATING AND MONITORING THE SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE ARMY, NAVY AND
 AIR FORCE PERSONNEL OFFICES.  AT THE DODDS HEADQUARTERS LEVEL, THE
 PERSONNEL DIVISION SERVES AS THE PRIMARY POLICY LEVEL FOR PERSONNEL
 ADMINISTRATION.
 
    MEETINGS OF PERSONNEL SPECIALISTS ARE CONDUCTED PERIODICALLY BY
 DODDS.  SOME PERSONNEL PROGRAMS, SUCH AS PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEMS,
 MERIT PAY AND CLASSIFICATION, ARE DEVELOPED BY DODDS HEADQUARTERS AND
 OTHERS, SUCH AS REDUCTIONS-IN-FORCE, ARE DEVELOPED BY THE REGIONS.  MANY
 PERSONNEL POLICIES AND PRACTICES ARE THE SUBJECTS OF NEGOTIATED
 AGREEMENTS AND HAVE VARIED FROM ONE BARGAINING UNIT TO ANOTHER AND THERE
 HAVE BEEN INSTANCES WHERE A PRINCIPAL OR SERVICING PERSONNEL OFFICE HAS
 BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR ADMINISTERING TWO DIFFERENT AGREEMENTS AS A
 CONSEQUENCE OF HAVING RESPONSIBILITY FOR SCHOOLS WITH EMPLOYEES IN
 DIFFERENT BARGAINING UNITS.
 
    DEALINGS BETWEEN DODDS AND THE UNIONS OCCUR AT THE SCHOOL, REGIONAL
 AND HEADQUARTERS LEVELS.  THERE ARE LABOR RELATIONS SPECIALISTS ASSIGNED
 TO BOTH DODDS HEADQUARTERS AND REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS.  SPECIALISTS AT
 DODDS HEADQUARTERS PROVIDE TECHNICAL GUIDANCE TO THOSE IN THE FIELD.
 
    AS NOTED EARLIER, RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE SCHOOLS IN PANAMA WAS, AS A
 RESULT OF THE PANAMA CANAL ACT OF 1979 (THE ACT), TRANSFERRED TO DODDS
 FROM THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY AND THE CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT.  ALTHOUGH
 VARIOUS PERSONNEL MATTERS HAD NOT BEEN RESOLVED AT THE TIME OF THE
 CONSOLIDATED HEARING, THE TEACHERS IN PANAMA WILL BE SUBJECT TO THE SAME
 PERSONNEL POLICIES AND PRACTICES AS OTHERS IN THE DODDS SYSTEM EXCEPT
 FOR TEACHERS EMPLOYED IN PANAMA PRIOR TO OCTOBER 1, 1979 WHO HAVE HAD
 MANY OF THEIR BENEFITS "GRANDFATHERED IN" PURSUANT TO SPECIFIC TERMS OF
 THE ACT.  SECONDARY AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PERSONNEL HAVE BEEN GIVEN
 DODDS STANDARDIZED POSITION DESCRIPTIONS.  ALTHOUGH TEACHERS AT THE
 COLLEGE LOCATED IN PANAMA HAVE A DIFFERENT POSITION DESCRIPTION THEY
 ARE, IN GENERAL, SUBJECT TO THE SAME PERSONNEL POLICIES AND PRACTICES AS
 OTHER TEACHERS IN PANAMA.  AS IS TRUE IN OTHER DODDS REGIONS, THE
 PRINCIPALS OF THE SCHOOLS IN PANAMA, AS WELL AS THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE
 COLLEGE, REPORT TO THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR OF THE AREA.  TWO-THIRDS OF THE
 COLLEGE FACULTY COME FROM THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PANAMA AND SOME
 LIBRARY AND ATHLETIC FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT ARE SHARED BY THE COLLEGE
 AND THE SCHOOLS.  ADDITIONALLY, SOME SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TEACH
 NIGHT COURSES AT THE COLLEGE AND SOME HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS TAKE EVENING
 CLASSES AT THE COLLEGE.
 
                          (4) THE REORGANIZATION
 
    THE REORGANIZATION, WHICH IS THE FOCAL POINT OF THIS CASE, RESULTED
 IN A REALIGNMENT OF THE DODDS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE.  WHERE THERE HAD
 PREVIOUSLY BEEN THREE REGIONS, FIVE WERE ESTABLISHED AND DISTRICTS AND
 SUB-DISTRICTS WERE ELIMINATED.  THE OFT UNIT IS NOT DISTRIBUTED ACROSS
 FOUR REGIONS, WHEREAS PREVIOUSLY IT HAD BEEN CONTAINED WITHIN ONE
 REGION.  SIMILARLY, PRIOR TO THE REORGANIZATION, THE OEA UNIT CONSISTED
 OF ALL SCHOOLS IN TWO REGIONS (ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC) AND PART OF A THIRD
 REGION (EUROPE).  SINCE THE REORGANIZATION, THE OEA UNIT CONSISTS OF
 EMPLOYEES IN ALL SCHOOLS IN ONE REGION (PACIFIC) AND EMPLOYEES IN
 SCHOOLS IN PARTS OF FOUR REGIONS.
 
                                CONCLUSIONS
 
                          (1) APPROPRIATE UNIT(S)
 
    THE AUTHORITY FINDS THAT THE REORGANIZATION COUPLED WITH DODDS' NEW
 RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE SCHOOLS IN PANAMA HAVE RESULTED IN A SUBSTANTIAL
 CHANGE IN THE CHARACTER AND SCOPE OF DODDS ORGANIZATION SUCH THAT THE
 OEA AND OFT UNITS ARE NO LONGER APPROPRIATE.  IN THIS REGARD, THE
 AUTHORITY NOTES THAT WHEREAS THE OFT UNIT HAD BEEN CONTAINED WITHIN ONE
 REGION AND INVOLVED ONLY ONE ADMINISTRATIVE ENTITY OF THE ACTIVITY,
 SINCE THE REORGANIZATION THAT UNIT CROSSES ORGANIZATIONAL LINES AND
 INVOLVES FOUR SUCH ENTITIES.  THUS, THE OFT UNIT NO LONGER BEARS A
 RESEMBLANCE TO THE ORGANIZATIONAL, ADMINISTRATIVE OR SUPERVISORY
 STRUCTURE OF THE ACTIVITY.  SIMILARLY, WHEREAS THE OEA UNIT HAD
 CONSISTED OF THE ENTIRETY OF TWO REGIONS AND A SUBSTANTIAL PORTION OF
 THE THIRD, THE REORGANIZATION RESULTED IN THAT UNIT ENCOMPASSING ALL OF
 ONE REGION, PORTIONS OF FOUR, AND NONE OF THE SIXTH (PANAMA).  HENCE,
 THE REORGANIZATION DIMINISHED CONSIDERABLY THE DEGREE TO WHICH THE OEA
 UNIT REFLECTS THE CONFIGURATION OF THE ACTIVITY.  IF THE OEA AND OFT
 UNITS WERE TO CONTINUE INTACT, FOUR REGIONAL DIRECTORS AND THEIR STAFFS
 WOULD BE REQUIRED TO DEAL WITH TWO DIFFERENT UNIONS AND ADMINISTER TWO
 DIFFERENT CONTRACTS, WHEREAS FORMERLY ONLY ONE REGION WAS FACED WITH
 THIS SITUATION.  SUCH A DISPARITY BETWEEN THE ORGANIZATIONAL
 CONFIGURATION AND SUPERVISORY AND ADMINISTRATIVE TIERS OF THE ACTIVITY,
 ON THE ONE HAND, AND THE STRUCTURE OF BARGAINING UNITS, ON THE OTHER
 HAND, WOULD NOT PROMOTE EFFECTIVE DEALINGS AND EFFICIENCY OF DODDS
 OPERATIONS.  /2/ FURTHER, SINCE THE REORGANIZATION HAS RESULTED IN
 OVERLAPPING OPERATIONAL AND PERSONNEL STRUCTURES, IT MUST BE CONCLUDED
 THAT EMPLOYEES IN THE OFT AND OEA UNITS NO LONGER ENJOY CLEAR AND
 IDENTIFIABLE COMMUNITIES OF INTEREST.  /3/
 
    NEVERTHELESS, IN CASE NOS. 3-CU-24 AND 36-CU-7 OEA ARGUES THAT
 PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO ALL SCHOOLS IN DODDS HAVE UNDER THE PRESENT
 CIRCUMSTANCES SIMPLY ACCRETED TO ITS OLD CONSOLIDATED UNIT.  THIS
 ARGUMENT MUST BE REJECTED IN VIEW OF THE SUBSTANTIAL CHANGE IN THE
 CHARACTER AND SCOPE OF THE DODDS ORGANIZATION.  MOREOVER, A QUESTION
 CONCERNING REPRESENTATION EXISTS SINCE MORE THAN ONE LABOR ORGANIZATION
 HAS AN ARGUABLE CLAIM TO REPRESENTATION OF THE EMPLOYEES INVOLVED.
 ACCORDINGLY, AN ACCRETION INTO OEA'S UNIT OF ALL EMPLOYEES NOT
 PREVIOUSLY REPRESENTED BY OEA IS NOT APPROPRIATE.
 
    HAVING DISPOSED OF THE QUESTION OF THE CONTINUED APPROPRIATENESS OF
 THE OFT AND OEA UNITS, AND HAVING REJECTED OEA'S ACCRETION CLAIM, THE
 AUTHORITY MUST NOW CONSIDER WHICH UNIT OR UNITS ARE APPROPRIATE.  AS
 PREVIOUSLY NOTED, DODDS AND OEA ARE IN ACCORD THAT A WORLDWIDE UNIT
 CONSISTING OF ALL ELIGIBLE PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO THE SCHOOLS IS
 APPROPRIATE /4/ AND OFT AND PCFT TAKE THE POSITION THAT REGIONWIDE UNITS
 ARE APPROPRIATE.  BASED ON THE RECORD AS A WHOLE, THE AUTHORITY
 CONCLUDES THAT BOTH OF THESE POSITIONS ARE SUSTAINABLE SINCE EACH OF THE
 PROPOSED UNITS MEETS THE CRITERIA FOR AN APPROPRIATE UNIT FOR
 RECOGNITION.
 
    WITH REGARD TO THE PROPOSED WORLDWIDE UNIT, THE PROFESSIONALS
 ASSIGNED TO ALL SCHOOLS ARE UNDER THE SAME OVERALL SUPERVISION;  ARE
 ENGAGED IN THE SAME MISSION AND FUNCTIONS;  ARE, IN MANY AREAS, SUBJECT
 TO SIMILAR PERSONNEL POLICIES AND PRACTICES;  /5/ AND, AT THE
 HEADQUARTERS LEVEL, ARE UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE SAME PERSONNEL,
 LABOR RELATIONS AND ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS.  SIMILARLY, WITH REGARD TO
 THE PROPOSED REGIONWIDE UNITS, EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE REGIONS ARE
 SUBJECT TO THE COMMON SUPERVISION OF THE REGIONAL DIRECTORS, ARE ENGAGED
 IN THE SAME MISSION AND FUNCTIONS, ARE UNDER THE COMMON JURISDICTION OF
 THE PERSONNEL, LABOR RELATIONS AND ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS OF THE
 REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS, AND SHARE THOSE PERSONNEL POLICIES AND PRACTICES
 WHICH ARE WITHIN THE DISCRETION OF THE REGIONAL DIRECTORS.  THUS, BOTH
 WORLDWIDE AND REGIONAL UNITS MEET THE COMMUNITY OF INTEREST CRITERION OF
 SECTION 7112(A)(1) OF THE STATUTE.  FURTHERMORE, BOTH WOULD BE
 SUBSTANTIALLY REFLECTIVE OF THE REALIGNED ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF
 THE ACTIVITY;  THUS, EACH WOULD PROMOTE EFFECTIVE DEALINGS WITH AND
 EFFICIENCY OF THE OPERATIONS OF DODDS SO AS TO SATISFY THE SECOND AND
 THIRD CRITERIA OF SECTION 7112(A)(1).
 
    IN MAKING THE ABOVE FINDINGS, THE AUTHORITY IS AWARE OF PCFT'S
 DESIRE, WITH RESPECT TO THE PANAMA REGION, TO INCLUDE IN THE UNIT
 PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO THE REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS TO, AMONG OTHER
 THINGS, ASSIST CLASSROOM TEACHERS.  DODDS CONTENDED AT THE HEARING THAT
 SUCH INCLUSION WOULD BE INAPPROPRIATE INASMUCH AS THESE EMPLOYEES ARE
 SUBJECT TO DIFFERENT WORKING CONDITIONS AND GOVERNED BY DIFFERENT
 EMPLOYMENT REGULATIONS AND PRACTICES THAN ARE TEACHERS ASSIGNED TO THE
 SCHOOLS;  HOWEVER, NO SPECIFICS REGARDING THIS CONTENTION WERE ADDUCED.
 THE RECORD DOES INDICATE THAT THERE HAVE BEEN SOME TRANSFERS FROM
 TEACHING POSITIONS TO "ABOVE-SCHOOL" (I.E., REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS LEVEL)
 POSITIONS, BUT IT ALSO IS TRUE THAT THESE PROFESSIONALS HAVE
 HISTORICALLY BEEN EXCLUDED FROM TEACHER BARGAINING UNITS.  BASED ON THE
 RECORD AS IT EXISTS, THE AUTHORITY CANNOT CONCLUDE THAT "ABOVE-SCHOOL"
 EMPLOYEES HAVE A COMMUNITY OF INTEREST SUFFICIENT TO WARRANT INCLUDING
 THEM IN A UNIT OF TEACHERS.  ACCORDINGLY, THE EMPLOYEES OCCUPYING THOSE
 POSITIONS WILL BE EXCLUDED FROM THE UNIT(S) FOUND HEREIN TO BE
 APPROPRIATE.
 
    ADDITIONALLY, THE PARTIES WERE IN DISPUTE AS TO THE ELIGIBILITY OF
 VICE PRINCIPALS ASSIGNED TO THE PANAMA REGION.  AT THE HEARING, PCFT
 STATED THAT IT DESIRED TO REPRESENT ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONALS UP
 TO AND INCLUDING THE LEVEL OF VICE PRINCIPAL.  DODDS, ON THE OTHER HAND,
 CONTENDS THAT VICE PRINCIPALS ARE SUPERVISORS AND MUST BE EXCLUDED FROM
 ANY UNIT.  AS IT WAS SHOWN AT THE HEARING THAT THE SCOPE OF THE VICE
 PRINCIPALS' DUTIES IS IN A STATE OF FLUX AND COULD NOT BE DETERMINED,
 THE AUTHORITY MAKES NO FINDINGS AS TO THEIR SUPERVISORY STATUS.  WE
 NOTE, HOWEVER, THAT THE ELECTION PROCESS ALLOWS A CHALLENGE TO ANY
 BALLOT CAST.  /6/ FURTHER, ANY SUCH QUESTION REMAINING AFTER
 CERTIFICATION OF A UNIT MAY BE RESOLVED BY THE FILING OF A CLARIFICATION
 OF UNIT PETITION.  /7/
 
    FINALLY, THE AUTHORITY DENIES AFGE LOCAL 14'S PETITION IN CASE NO.
 36-RO-38 FOR A SEPARATE UNIT OF EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE PANAMA CANAL
 COLLEGE.  THE AUTHORITY NOTES THAT PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES AT THE COLLEGE
 ARE, LIKE OTHER PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO SCHOOLS IN THE REGION, SUBJECT
 TO THE SUPERVISION OF THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR.  THEY ARE ALSO SUBJECT TO
 MANY OF THE SAME PERSONNEL POLICIES AND PRACTICES AS OTHER
 "SCHOOL-LEVEL" PROFESSIONALS IN THE REGION AND TRANSFER BY SECONDARY
 LEVEL TEACHERS INTO POSITIONS AT THE COLLEGE IS COMMON.  MOREOVER,
 PERSONNEL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED TO THE COLLEGE BY THE
 SAME OFFICE WHICH PROVIDES THOSE SERVICES TO OTHER PROFESSIONALS
 ASSIGNED TO THE REGION, AND CERTAIN EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES ARE SHARED
 BY ALL.  THUS, THE AUTHORITY CONCLUDES THAT THE EMPLOYEES IN THE UNIT
 PETITIONED FOR BY AFGE LOCAL 14 DO NOT SHARE A COMMUNITY OF INTEREST
 WHICH IS SEPARATE AND DISTINCT FROM OTHER EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO THE
 PANAMA REGION.  MOREOVER, GIVEN THE LOCUS AND SCOPE OF SUPERVISOR AND
 ADMINISTRATIVE AND PERSONNEL SERVICES AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL, THE
 AUTHORITY FINDS THAT A SEPARATE COLLEGE UNIT WOULD NOT PROMOTE EFFECTIVE
 DEALINGS WITH OR EFFICIENCY OF OPERATIONS OF THE ACTIVITY.
 
                             (2) VOTING GROUPS
 
    BASED ON THE RECORD AS A WHOLE, THE AUTHORITY HAS FOUND THAT BOTH A
 WORLDWIDE UNIT AND SIX REGIONWIDE UNITS MEET THE UNIT CRITERIA OF THE
 STATUTE AND ARE APPROPRIATE FOR RECOGNITION.  IN VIEW OF THIS FINDING,
 WHICH RECOGNIZES THAT THE CONSIDERATIONS IN FAVOR OF EACH ARE EVENLY
 BALANCED, THE DETERMINING FACTOR SHOULD BE THE DESIRE OF THE EMPLOYEES
 THEMSELVES.  THE AUTHORITY CONCLUDES THAT SELF-DETERMINATION ELECTIONS
 MUST BE HELD.  THESE ELECTIONS WILL BE CONDUCTED IN THE FOLLOWING VOTING
 GROUPS:
 
    VOTING GROUP (A):  ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL-LEVEL
 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 ATLANTIC REGION;  EXCLUDING ALL NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES, SUBSTITUTE
 TEACHERS, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS AND EMPLOYEES DESCRIBED IN
 SECTION 7112(B)(2),(3),(4),(6) AND (7) OF THE STATUTE.
 
    VOTING GROUP (B):  ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL-LEVEL
 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 GERMANY NORTH REGION;  EXCLUDING ALL NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES,
 SUBSTITUTE TEACHERS, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS AND EMPLOYEES
 DESCRIBED IN SECTION 7112(B)(2),(3),(4),(6) AND (7) OF THE STATUTE.
 
    VOTING GROUP (C):  ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL-LEVEL
 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 GERMANY SOUTH REGION, EXCLUDING ALL NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES,
 SUBSTITUTE TEACHERS, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS AND EMPLOYEES
 DESCRIBED IN SECTION 7112(B)(2),(3),(4),(6) AND (7) OF THE STATUTE.
 
    VOTING GROUP (D):  ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL-LEVEL
 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 MEDITERRANEAN REGION;  EXCLUDING ALL NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES,
 SUBSTITUTE TEACHERS, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS AND EMPLOYEES
 DESCRIBED IN SECTION 7112(B)(2),(3),(4),(6) AND (7) OF THE STATUTE.
 
    VOTING GROUP (E):  ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL-LEVEL
 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 PANAMA REGION;  EXCLUDING ALL NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES, SUBSTITUTE
 TEACHERS, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS AND EMPLOYEES DESCRIBED IN
 SECTION 7112(B)(2),(3),(4),(6) AND (7) OF THE STATUTE.
 
    VOTING GROUP (F):  ALL NONSUPERVISORY PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL-LEVEL
 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS SCHOOLS,
 PACIFIC REGION;  EXCLUDING ALL NONPROFESSIONAL EMPLOYEES, SUBSTITUTE
 TEACHERS, MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS, SUPERVISORS AND EMPLOYEES DESCRIBED IN
 SECTION 7112(B)(2),(3),(4),(6) AND (7) OF THE STATUTE.
 
    THE EMPLOYEES IN VOTING GROUPS (A),(B),(C),(D) AND (F) WILL BE ASKED
 WHETHER THEY WISH TO BE REPRESENTED FOR PURPOSES OF EXCLUSIVE
 RECOGNITION BY OEA, OFT OR NEITHER.  THE EMPLOYEES IN VOTING GROUP (E)
 WILL BE ASKED WHETHER THEY WISH TO BE REPRESENTED FOR PURPOSES OF
 EXCLUSIVE RECOGNITION BY OEA, PCFT LOCAL 29 OR NEITHER.  /8/ IN THE
 EVENT THAT A MAJORITY OF VALID VOTES IS CAST FOR OFT IN VOTING GROUPS
 (A),(B),(C),(D) OR (F) OR FOR PCFT LOCAL 29 IN VOTING GROUP (E) (OR FOR
 OFT IF IT CHOOSES TO APPEAR ON THIS BALLOT), EMPLOYEES WILL BE TAKEN TO
 HAVE INDICATED THEIR DESIRE TO BE REPRESENTED BY OFT OR PCFT LOCAL 29 AS
 THE CASE MAY BE, IN THE REGIONWIDE UNIT SOUGHT.  IN ANY VOTING GROUP
 WHERE A MAJORITY OF VALID VOTES IS NOT CAST FOR OFT OR PCFT LOCAL 29,
 THE BALLOTS WILL BE POOLED.  IN THE EVENT OF SUCH POOLING, BALLOTS CAST
 FOR OFT OR PCFT LOCAL 29 SHALL BE COUNTED AS PART OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF
 VALID VOTES CAST, ALONG WITH THE BALLOTS CAST FOR OEA OR "NEITHER".  THE
 AUTHORITY FINDS THAT, UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES, ANY UNIT RESULTING FROM
 SUCH POOLING OF VOTES CONSTITUTES AN APPROPRIATE UNIT FOR THE PURPOSE OF
 EXCLUSIVE RECOGNITION.  THE BALLOTS CAST FOR OEA (WHICH IS THE ONLY
 PARTY SEEKING TO REPRESENT A UNIT LARGER THAN REGIONWIDE) AND "NEITHER"
 SHALL THEN BE SEPARATELY TALLIED TO DETERMINE WHETHER EITHER CHOICE HAS
 RECEIVED A MAJORITY OF THE VALID VOTES CAST.  THE RESULT OF THIS
 ELECTION WILL THEN BE CERTIFIED ACCORDINGLY.
 
                      ORDER AND DIRECTION OF ELECTION
 
    IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT ELECTIONS BY SECRET BALLOT BE CONDUCTED IN
 THE ABOVE VOTING GROUPS AS SOON AS FEASIBLE.  THE APPROPRIATE REGIONAL
 DIRECTOR SHALL SUPERVISE OR CONDUCT THE ELECTIONS, AS APPROPRIATE,
 SUBJECT TO THE AUTHORITY'S RULES AND REGULATIONS.  ELIGIBLE TO VOTE ARE
 THOSE IN A VOTING GROUP DURING THE PAYROLL PERIOD IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING
 THE DATE OF THIS DECISION, INCLUDING EMPLOYEES WHO DID NOT WORK DURING
 THE PERIOD BECAUSE THEY WERE ILL OR ON VACATION OR FURLOUGH, INCLUDING
 THOSE IN THE MILITARY SERVICE, WHO APPEAR IN PERSON AT THE POLLS.
 INELIGIBLE TO VOTE ARE EMPLOYEES WHO QUIT OR WERE DISCHARGED FOR CAUSE
 SINCE THE DESIGNATED PAYROLL PERIOD AND WHO HAVE NOT BEEN REHIRED OR
 REINSTATED BEFORE THE ELECTION DATE.
 
    THOSE ELIGIBLE TO VOTE IN VOTING GROUPS (A),(B),(C),(D), AND (F)
 SHALL VOTE WHETHER THEY DESIRE TO BE REPRESENTED FOR THE PURPOSE OF
 EXCLUSIVE REPRESENTATION BY OEA, OFT OR NEITHER.  THOSE ELIGIBLE TO VOTE
 IN VOTING GROUP (E), SUBJECT TO THE PROVISO IN NOTE 8, SUPRA, SHALL VOTE
 WHETHER THEY DESIRE TO BE REPRESENTED FOR THE PURPOSE OF EXCLUSIVE
 REPRESENTATION BY OEA, PCFT LOCAL 29 OR NEITHER.
 
    IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT THE PETITIONS IN CASE NOS. 3-AC-16,
 3-CU-24, 36-CU-7, AND 36-RO-38 BE, AND THEY HEREBY ARE, DISMISSED.
 
    ISSUED, WASHINGTON, D.C., JULY 23, 1981
 
                       RONALD W. HAUGHTON, CHAIRMAN
 
                       HENRY B. FRAZIER III, MEMBER
                       LEON B. APPLEWHAITE, MEMBER
                       FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 ---------------- FOOTNOTES: -------------------
 
    /1/ BECAUSE OF THE PARTIES' STATED INABILITY TO PROCEED, THE
 PETITIONS IN CASE NOS. 3-RO-5, 3-RO-20, 3-RO-34, 3-RO-35, 3-RO-45,
 3-RO-51, 3-RO-52, 3-RO-53, 3-CU-5, 3-CU-20 AND 3-CU-21, ALL OF WHICH
 RELATE TO INDIVIDUAL DODDS SCHOOLS, WERE NOT LITIGATED AT THE
 CONSOLIDATED HEARING.  THUS, THEY ARE HEREBY REMANDED TO THE REGIONAL
 DIRECTOR FOR APPROPRIATE ACTION.
 
    /2/ SECTION 7112(A)(1) OF THE STATUTE PROVIDES:
 
    (A)(1) THE AUTHORITY SHALL DETERMINE THE APPROPRIATENESS OF ANY UNIT.
  THE AUTHORITY SHALL DETERMINE IN EACH CASE WHETHER, IN ORDER TO ENSURE
 EMPLOYEES THE FULLEST FREEDOM IN EXERCISING THE RIGHTS GUARANTEED UNDER
 THIS CHAPTER, THE APPROPRIATE UNIT SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED ON AN AGENCY,
 PLANT, INSTALLATION, FUNCTIONAL, OR OTHER BASIS AND SHALL DETERMINE ANY
 UNIT TO BE AN APPROPRIATE UNIT ONLY IF THE DETERMINATION WILL ENSURE A
 CLEAR AND IDENTIFIABLE COMMUNITY OF INTEREST AMONG THE EMPLOYEES IN THE
 UNIT AND WILL PROMOTE EFFECTIVE DEALINGS WITH, AND EFFICIENCY OF THE
 OPERATIONS OF, THE AGENCY INVOLVED.
 
    /3/ ID.
 
    /4/ AS WILL BE DISCUSSED FURTHER, THERE IS A DISPUTE AS TO WHETHER
 PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO THE REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS ARE APPROPRIATE FOR
 INCLUSION WITH PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO THE SCHOOLS.  IN THIS REGARD
 THE OEA AND OFT UNITS HAVE TRADITIONALLY BEEN LIMITED TO PROFESSIONALS
 ASSIGNED TO THE SCHOOLS.  DODDS, OEA AND OFT WISH TO CONTINUE THIS
 PRACTICE;  HOWEVER, IN CASE NO. 36-RO-30, PCFT SEEKS TO INCLUDE
 PROFESSIONALS ASSIGNED TO THE REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS IN THE PANAMA REGION
 WITH THOSE ASSIGNED TO THE SCHOOLS.
 
    /5/ WHILE EMPLOYEES WHO WERE EMPLOYED IN PANAMA PRIOR TO OCTOBER 1,
 1979 ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN DIFFERENT TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
 (PARTICULARLY IN THE AREA OF PAY AND BENEFITS), THIS CIRCUMSTANCE,
 STANDING ALONE, DOES NOT RENDER THEM INELIGIBLE FOR INCLUSION IN A
 WO