52:0052(5)CA_CO - - AFGE, AFGE Council 236, AFGE Local 2600 and Leo Jack Fagan ; --- GSA, Washington, DC and Leo Jack Fagan - - 1996 FLRAdec CO CA - - v52 p52



[ v52 p52 ]
52:0052(5)CO
The decision of the Authority follows:


52 FLRA No. 5

FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY

WASHINGTON, D.C.

_____

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES

AFL-CIO

(Respondent/Union)

and

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES

COUNCIL 236

(Respondent/Council 236)

and

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES

LOCAL 2600

(Respondent/Local 2600)

and

LEO JACK FAGAN

(Charging Party)

SF-CO-40843

_____

GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

WASHINGTON, D.C.

(Respondent/Agency)

and

LEO JACK FAGAN

(Charging Party)

SF-CA-41109

_____

DECISION AND ORDER

August 20, 1996

_____

Before the Authority: Phyllis N. Segal, Chair; Tony Armendariz and Donald S. Wasserman, Members.

I. Statement of the Case

This consolidated unfair labor practice case is before the Authority on exceptions filed by the Agency and the Union to the attached decision of the Administrative Law Judge.(1) The General Counsel filed an opposition to the exceptions and also filed cross exceptions to the remedy directed by the Judge.

The consolidated complaint alleges that the Agency violated section 7116(a)(1), (2), (3) and (8) of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (the Statute), and that the Union violated section 7116(b)(1), (2), and (8), by including in their nationwide collective bargaining agreement a provision requiring employees to submit dues revocation requests to a local representative of the Union for processing. The complaint also alleges that Council 236 and Local 2600 violated section 7116(b)(1) and (8) of the Statute by failing and refusing to process a dues revocation request submitted by the Charging Party. All Respondents are alleged to have interfered with employee rights under sections 7102 and 7115 of the Statute. The Judge concluded that the Respondents violated the Statute as alleged.

For the reasons stated below, we find that the Agency and the Union did not violate the Statute. We therefore dismiss all allegations in the complaint pertaining to them. No exceptions were filed to the Judge's determination that Council 236 and Local 2600 violated the Statute by failing or refusing to process the Charging Party's dues revocation request. Accordingly, we adopt the Judge's findings and conclusions with respect to Council 236 and Local 2600, along with that portion of his recommended order directing Council 236 and Local 2600 to jointly reimburse the Charging Party for all dues wrongfully withheld. Contrary to the arguments in the General Counsel's cross exceptions, we decline to order similar relief for any other employee.

II. Background and Judge's Decision

The facts, which are set forth in the Judge's decision, are briefly summarized here. The Charging Party was an employee of the Agency's Spokane, Washington field office and a member of Local 2600. In late November 1993, he completed a Standard Form 1188 ("Cancellation of Payroll Deductions for Labor Organization Dues") (SF 1188) and addressed it to "AFGE Union" at the Agency's Auburn, Washington office. Judge's Decision at 6. The Charging Party sent his SF 1188 by certified mail; he received a return receipt indicating that the SF 1188 was delivered to the Agency's mailroom on December 2. However, dues continued to be withheld from his pay. The Charging Party made inquiries and was eventually told that neither Council 236 nor Local 2600 could find his SF 1188 or any record of having received it.(2) His dues allotment was finally canceled in October 1994.

The Agency and the Union are parties to a nationwide collective bargaining agreement. Article 35, section 4 of this agreement provides that employees desiring to cancel their dues withholding authorizations must submit SF 1188s to their local union representatives for certification of their anniversary dates and forwarding to the Agency's personnel office.(3) The Judge determined that this requirement of Article 35, section 4 constituted "an unlawful restriction on employees' right to refrain from joining or assisting a labor organization," and that both the Agency and the Union violated the Statute "by entering into and maintaining this provision." Judge's Decision at 10. The Judge also determined that Council 236 and Local 2600 violated the Statute by failing or refusing to promptly honor the Charging Party's dues revocation request once they learned that he had mailed an SF 1188 to them at their proper address and had received proof of its delivery.

As a remedy, the Judge recommended an order directing the Agency and the Union to cease and desist from "[m]aintaining and enforcing" Article 35, section 4, or any similar provision of their nationwide agreement. Id. at 13-14. His recommended order also directed Council 236 and Local 2600 to cease and desist from "[r]efusing to honor timely dues withholding revocations received at their designated address." Id. at 15. In addition, the Judge directed all Respondents to jointly make the Charging Party whole for dues wrongfully withheld from his pay. The Judge recommended that the Agency and the Union post notices to employees and members nationwide, and that Council 236 and Local 2600 post notices within Region 10 of the Agency, containing provisions corresponding to his order. He expressly declined to order the Respondents to make whole any other employees who submitted SF 1188s that were not processed. In the Judge's opinion, an order granting such relief to other employees "would place in compliance proceedings issues that should be litigated, if at all, in plenary unfair labor practice proceedings." Id. at 12.

III. Positions of the Parties

A. Respondent Agency's Exceptions

The Agency excepts both to the Judge's finding that Article 35, section 4 is unlawful as well as to his determination that the Agency was jointly liable with Council 236 and Local 2600 for the failure to honor the Charging Party's dues withholding request. The Agency argues that Article 35, section 4, does not unlawfully restrict the right of employees to cancel their dues withholding allotments but is instead "an administrative procedure internal to the parties." Agency's Exceptions at 2. The Agency also argues that the failure to honor the Charging Party's dues revocation request was "directly caused by the AFGE official's unlawful failure to honor the revocation" rather than by any conduct of the Agency. Id.

B. Respondent Union's Exceptions

The Union asserts that Article 35, section 4 "merely constitutes an administrative procedure for the processing of [SF 1188s] to certify the anniversary date of the employee," and denies that this "procedure" interferes with the right of employees to revoke their dues withholding authorizations or withdraw from the Union. Union's Exceptions at 9.

C. General Counsel's Opposition and Cross Exceptions

The General Counsel argues that the Judge correctly applied Authority and private sector precedent in reaching his decision that Article 35, section 4 is unlawful, and relies upon the reasons contained in the Judge's decision to dispute the Agency's and the Union's contrary arguments. However, the General Counsel excepts to the Judge's refusal to order make whole relief for other employees whose dues revocation requests were not honored. The General Counsel asserts that the complaint in this case seeks to enforce the Statute on behalf of all bargaining unit employees, not merely the Charging Party, and that a remedy covering all unit employees is "just and necessary" to redress the unlawful effects of Article 35, section 4. Cross Exceptions at 5.

IV. Analysis and Conclusions

A. The Agency and the Union Did Not Violate the Statute By Including Article 35, Section 4 in Their Agreement

Subsequent to the Judge's decision in this case, we examined in detail the legal effect of a similar negotiated provision requiring employees to forward SF 1188s to the exclusive representative as a condition to revoking their dues withholding authorizations. American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, 51 FLRA 1427 (1996) (AFGE).(4) We specifically considered in AFGE the precedent considered by the Judge in reaching his decision in this case. In holding that the provision in AFGE did not per se interfere with, restrain or coerce employees in the exercise of their rights under sections 7102 or 7115 of the Statute, we found that the provision had no more effect "on an employee's ability to freely revoke his or her dues withholding authorization than do similar notice provisions that have been found lawful . . . in the private sector. Id. at 1437 (footnote omitted).

There is no material difference between the provision at issue in AFGE and Article 35, section 4 at issue here. Moreover, with one exception, the reasons the Judge expressed for concluding that Article 35, section 4 is unlawful are the same as those expressed by the Judge, and rejected by the Authority, in AFGE. The one exception -- the Judge's suggestion that wording inserted by OPM on SF 1187s precludes the negotiation of provisions such as Article 35, section 4 -- we reject here as unfounded. Therefore, for the reasons discussed in AFGE, we conclude that this case presents no grounds upon which to find that Article 35, section 4 per se interferes with employee rights under the Statute such that the Agency and the Union violated the Statute by entering into and maintaining that provision in their negotiated agreement. Because there is no allegation or evidence that the Agency or the Union violated the Statute in any other manner, or that they were in any way responsible for the conduct of Council 236 or Local 2600 that did violate the Statute, we dismiss all allegations in the complaint against them.

B. Relief Is Not Warranted for Any Employees Other than the Charging Party

As mentioned previously, no exceptions were filed to the Judge's conclusion that Council 236 and Local 2600 are jointly responsible for violating the Statute by refusing to the Charging Party's SF 1188, and we adopt that portion of the Judge's recommended order directing Council 236 and Local 2600 to jointly make the Charging Party whole.

The General Counsel seeks to extend a similar remedy to other bargaining unit employees whose dues revocation requests were not processed. However, this case presents no allegation or evidence from which it might be concluded that Council 236, Local 2600, or any other component of the Union has failed or refused to promptly honor any other employee's dues revocation request. Accordingly, we agree with the Judge that make whole relief for such employees is not warranted. See AFGE at 1440.

VI. Order

Pursuant to section 2423.29 of the Authority's Regulations and section 7118 of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute:

The American Federation of Government Employees Council 236 and American Federation of Government Employees Local 2600, shall:

1. Cease and desist from:

(a) Refusing to honor timely dues withholding requests received at their designated address.

(b) In any like or related manner interfering with, restraining or coercing its employees in the exercise of their rights assured by the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute.

2. Take the following affirmative action in order to effectuate the purposes and policies of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute:

(a) Post at their business offices, and in all places where notices to bargaining unit employees in General Services Administration Region 10 are customarily posted, copies of the attached Notice on forms to be furnished by the Federal Labor Relations Authority. Upon receipt of such forms, they shall be signed by the President of Council 236 and the President of Local 2600 and shall be posted and maintained for 60 consecutive days thereafter. Reasonable steps shall be taken to insure that such Notices are not altered, defaced, or covered by any other material.

(b) Submit appropriate signed copies of the Notice to the Regional Administrator for General Services Administration Region 10 for posting in conspicuous places where bargaining unit employees are located. Copies of the Notice should be maintained for a period of 60 consecutive days from the date of posting.

(c) Pursuant to section 2423.30 of the Authority's Regulations, notify the Regional Director, San Francisco Regional Office, Federal Labor Relations Authority, in writing, within 30 days from the date of this Order as to what steps have been taken to comply.

All allegations in the complaint pertaining to the Respondent Agency and the Respondent Union are dismissed.

NOTICE TO OUR MEMBERS

POSTED BY ORDER OF THE

FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY

The Federal Labor Relations Authority has found that Council 236 and Local 2600 of the American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, violated the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute and has ordered us to post and abide by this Notice:

We hereby notify all bargaining unit members that:

WE WILL NOT fail or refuse to honor timely dues withholding requests received at our designated address.

WE WILL NOT in any like or related manner interfere with, restrain or coerce employees in the exercise of their rights assured by the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute.

WE WILL make Leo Jack Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because his revocation request was not processed.

__________________________
(AFGE Council 236)

Dated:___________ By:_________________________________

(Signature) (Title)

____________________________
(AFGE Local 2600)

Dated:___________ By:_____________________________________

(Signature) (Title)

This Notice must remain posted for 60 consecutive days from the date of posting and must not be altered, defaced or covered by any other material.

If employees have any questions concerning this Notice or compliance with any of its provisions, they may communicate directly with the Regional Director, San Francisco Regional Office, whose address is: 901 Market Street, Suite 220, San Francisco, CA 94103-1791 and whose telephone number is: (415) 356-5000




UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY

OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20424-0001

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO

Respondent

and

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, COUNCIL 236

Respondent

and

AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, LOCAL 2600

Respondent

and

LEO JACK FAGAN

Charging Party

Case No. SF-CO-40843
GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

WASHINGTON, D.C.

Respondent

and

LEO JACK FAGAN

Charging Party

Case No. SF-CA-41109

Stefanie Arthur, Esquire
For the General Counsel

Alexia McCaskill, Esquire
Mark D. Roth and
Charles A. Hobbie, Esquires (on the Brief)
For the Respondent Labor Organizations

Deborah Finch, Esquire
For Respondent General Services Administration

Before: JESSE ETELSON
Administrative Law Judge

DECISION

Statement of the Case

These cases involve two distinct issues. The first involves a procedure for revoking payroll deduction of dues, pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement between Respondent American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO (AFGE) and Respondent General Services Administration (GSA). The second involves the efforts of the Charging Party to revoke his dues deduction authorization.

The consolidated complaint alleges that the collective bargaining agreement requires that employees wishing to revoke their dues withholding authorizations obtain a revocation form from and, after executing it, submit it to a representative of AFGE, who must certify the anniversary date of the employee's AFGE membership and forward the certified form to GSA. By virtue of this requirement, it is alleged that GSA violated sections 7116(a)(1), (2), (3), and (8) of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (the Statute) and that AFGE violated sections 7116(b)(1), (2), and (8) of the Statute. The General Counsel contends that the applicable contract provisions are, per se, unlawful restrictions on employees' right to revoke. GSA admits the relevant factual allegations regarding the agreement but denies any violation. AFGE admits that the agreement requires employees to submit the revocation form to a union representative for certification. AFGE alleges, however, that the actual practice and policy governing dues revocation, as administered, "differs markedly from the CBA provision." AFGE denies that the provisions of the agreement constitute any infringement of employee rights.

The second alleged violation is that Respondents AFGE Council 236 and Local 2600 violated sections 7116(b)(1) and (8) of the Statute by failing and refusing to process the Charging Party's dues revocation request. Council 236 and Local 2600 deny that such a request was received and further deny that they have committed any unfair labor practices.

A hearing was held in Seattle, Washington. The parties filed post-hearing briefs. AFGE counsel filed on behalf of the parent union and both affiliates. For convenience, I shall refer to positions and arguments in that brief as those of "AFGE."(1) I shall also refer to Council 236 and Local 2600, where a collective reference is appropriate, as "the Union."

Findings of Fact

Background Facts Relevant to Both Issues

AFGE is the certified exclusive representative of GSA employees in a nationwide bargaining unit. AFGE and GSA are parties to a "National" collective bargaining agreement (NCBA). Council 236 is an agent of AFGE for the purpose of representing GSA employees, and Local 2600 is responsible for day-to-day contract administration, on behalf of AFGE, for GSA bargaining unit employees in Alaska, Washington, and Idaho. Council 236 and Local 2600 jointly maintain an office on GSA premises in Auburn, Washington, where they receive mail through the GSA mailroom.

Facts Pertinent to Issue of Lawfulness of NCBA Provisions

Article 35 of the NCBA covers dues withholding. Section 1 provides that any bargaining unit employee who is an AFGE member in good standing may have dues withheld through payroll deductions. Section 2 is entitled "Union Responsibility," and provides, among other things, that:

A. The Union will undertake to inform members of the voluntary nature of dues withholding and of the conditions governing a member's cancellation of dues withholding.

C. The Union will provide Standard Form 1187, distribute it, and instruct employees in its use. . . .

D. The Union shall provide Standard Form 1188, distribute it, and instruct members in the [sic] use.

Section 3 of Article 35 is entitled "Management Responsibility." Among the listed responsibilities of management are to "[p]rocess Standard Forms 1188 in accordance with the terms and conditions specified on Standard Form 1187 and this Agreement."

Section 4 is entitled "Effective Dates for Dues Withholding Actions." The "Effective Date" for the "Action" of "Revocation by employee" is described as follows:

Beginning of first pay period following the anniversary date of employee's membership in AFGE, provided that a properly executed SF 1188 was received by the Personnel office . . . . The employee is responsible for submitting the SF-1188 to his/her local representative who will certify the anniversary date and submit the SF-1188 to the Personnel Office (emphasis added).(2)

Standard Forms 1187 and 1188 are issued by the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Form 1187 is a "Request for Payroll Deductions for Labor Organization Dues." Although not part of the record in these cases, I take official notice that Form 1187 contains the following language as part of the employee's request:

I further understand that Standard Form 1188, Cancellation of Payroll Deductions for Labor Organization Dues, is available from my employing agency, and that I may cancel this authorization by filing Standard Form 1188 or other written cancellation request with the payroll office of my employing agency.

A copy of Form 1188 is in evidence. It contains the following instructions at the bottom: "(Submit copies 1 and 2 to the agency payroll office. Copy 1 is retained for payroll records and Copy 2 is forwarded by the payroll office to the labor organization in accordance with the arrangement between the agency and the labor organization. . . .)"

The Charging Party, Leo Jack Fagan, a bargaining unit employee who had been authorizing payroll dues deductions, obtained a Form 1188 from a forms file at the GSA office where he worked. However, notwithstanding the quoted language of Form 1187, there is no evidence as to whether Form 1188 is readily available from all GSA offices at which bargaining unit employees work.

Bruce Williams, the president of Local 2600 and recently an officer of Council 236, testified that Local 2600 does not strictly follow the contract language, in that, at times in the past, it would certify an anniversary date pursuant to a call from "personnel" when an employee sent a Form 1188 directly to the personnel or payroll office. Williams testified that he informed Fagan (when Fagan inquired after discovering that his dues deductions had not stopped after he mailed a Form 1188 to "AFGE Union") that he could resubmit a copy of his form to the Union office or directly to personnel.

The conversation with Fagan, the content of which is disputed, is a special case. It occurred after a problem had already developed by virtue of Fagan's representation that he had submitted a form that, according to Williams, the Union had not received. What Williams told Fagan is not probative as to the parties' general practice. AFGE does not rely on Williams' other testimony about not strictly following the contract, which, in any event, is too vague on which to base a finding that the provisions in question were generally ignored.(3) AFGE's position is, rather, that the contract provisions are valid on their face. That is also GSA's position. In these circumstances, I find that for purposes of the issue of the contract's facial validity, the requirement for submission of the SF 1188 to a union representative is properly before me.(4)

Facts Relating to Fagan's Attempt to Revoke Authorization

Fagan was a GSA employee working in the Spokane field office and a member of Local 2600. He had authorized dues withholding and wanted to revoke the authorization. He called the office shared by Local 2600 and Council 236 in Auburn in November 1993 to inquire about resigning his membership. Kathy Ollum, a secretary in the office, told him to submit a Form 1188 to the Union office within the 10-day window period described in the contract, that is, within the 10 days before the anniversary date of his membership, December 11.

Fagan executed a Form 1188 and sent it by certified mail, return receipt requested, to "AFGE Union" at the address of the GSA Region 10 facility in which the Union office was located.(5) The return receipt was signed by Marie Wilson, a GSA mailroom employee, on the line indicated for the signature of the addressee. Ms. Wilson had no specific authority from Local 2600 or Council 236 as an agent for receipt of mail. The stamped date of delivery was December 2.

Regular mail addressed to the Local or the Council is placed in a "Union box" in the GSA mailroom. Certified mail is handled differently. It is either delivered to the Union office or picked up by someone from the Union at the mailroom.

When Fagan's dues continued to be deducted, he made several calls to GSA and the Union office. No one knew anything about his Form 1188. He told Union secretary Ollum, during one of his calls, that he had a return receipt signed by Marie Wilson. Fagan testified that during a later call, Union representative Lynn Springer told him that Ollum was going to "fax" his 1188 to GSA payroll. However, the same day (January 24, 1994), a GSA personnel employee told Fagan that Ollum had told her she couldn't find the 1188. On March 30, after one or more telephone conversations with Fagan, Bruce Williams wrote him a letter stating that Williams had made a "thorough review of your allegation" of submitting the Form 1188 to the Union office, but could find no record of receiving it. Williams' letter also stated that his secretary had indicated that she never received it either. The letter then states that it is "[Williams'] decision that we will process a SF-1188 when we receive a properly submitted [form] during the contract timeframes." Fagan's attempted revocation was aborted at that point. However, his dues deductions were stopped in October 1994.

I find, with respect to the only dispute over the facts discussed above, that the Union did not knowingly receive Fagan's Form 1188. Assuming that Fagan testified accurately about what Springer told him, the statement he attributed to her falls short, in the context of contemporaneous events, of an admission that Fagan's Form 1188 had turned up in the union office. Further than this, I have no basis for inferring whether the form got lost without ever arriving at the Union or arrived there and was lost before anyone noticed it.

Discussion and Conclusions

Facial Validity

The Authority has spoken to the issue of the facial validity of a contractual arrangement for revocation that is similar, but not identical, to the arrangement presented here. In Department of the Navy, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 19 FLRA 586 (1985) (Portsmouth), the Authority held that an "activity" and a union violated the Statute when they entered into and enforced agreements requiring an employee to obtain, execute, and submit dues withholding revocation forms at the union office. The Authority concluded that such "[Union] control of the forms in the circumstances of this case" (Id. at 590 n.8) was inherently coercive of the employee's right to refrain from joining or assisting a labor organization. Id. at 589.

Given the arguable factual differences between the instant cases and Portsmouth, the question is whether the revocation procedures here also intrude on the right of employees to revoke authorizations. Portsmouth must be the starting point for this inquiry, however, as it is, whatever its factual differences, the closest available precedent, and one that the Authority has recently followed in principle. See Federal Employees Metal Trades Council, AFL-CIO, Mare Island Naval Shipyard, 47 FLRA 1289 (1993).

The Portsmouth decision is unusual in construction, in that the Authority does not set forth in the text of its opinion the supporting rationale for its conclusion that the requirements found there were "inherently coercive." Instead, in a footnote appended to its conclusion, the Authority refers to the rationale of a Supreme Court decision and a National Labor Relations Board decision:

6/ See generally Felter v. Southern Pacific Co. et al., 359 U.S. 326 (1959), decided under the Railway Labor Act, and Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, 253 NLRB 721, enforced sub nom. Peninsula Shipbuilders Association v. NLRB, 663 F.2d 488 (4th Cir. 1980), decided under the National Labor Relations Act, cited by the Judge. In Felter the court concluded that the Railway Labor Act contained no statutory authorization for a requirement that dues revocations could be effectuated only on forms furnished and forwarded to the employer by the union, and that Congress had consciously and deliberately chosen to deny employers and unions the authority to restrict an employee's right to revoke in such a manner. In Newport News, the court concluded that refusal to honor written dues revocation requests because the requests were not on specific forms furnished by the union as required by the collective bargaining agreement constituted an unlawful restriction since it was an additional condition not specified in the employees' dues withholding authorizations.

In the absence of any other explanation, I must interpret the Authority's conclusion in Portsmouth as resting on its reading, reflected in footnote 6, of the Felter and Newport News decisions. It is not for me to reinterpret those decisions.(10) Neither am I free to entertain AFGE's suggestion that the Authority's reliance on them is no longer viable.

AFGE and GSA argue, however, that their contract procedures are less restrictive than those in Portsmouth because (1) employees are not required to obtain revocation forms from the Union and (2) they need not execute and return the forms at the Union office, but may mail them.

I find a valid, but not decisive, factual distinction as to (1). The contract does not, on its face, require that revocation forms be obtained from the Union. Article 35, Section 2D of the NCBA provides that: "The Union shall provide Standard Form 1188, distribute it, and instruct members in the use." This is, under the contract, a "Union Responsibility." It is not, by its terms or, on the evidence presented, by intent, a restriction on employees, whose authorizations (Form 1187) state that Form 1188 is available from their employing agency. Nor is there evidence that Section 2D has been applied as a restriction.(7)

My analysis of factual distinction (2), above, leads me to conclude that, at least as far as the Authority's basis for Portsmouth is concerned, it is a "distinction without a difference".(8) While the Authority found that the contract in Portsmouth required employees to execute and submit the revo-cation forms at the union office, neither the Felter nor the Newport News rationale on which the Authority relied depends on such a finding. In Felter, the decisive objection to the restriction, as the Authority saw it (see its footnote 6, quoted above), was that there was no statutory authorization for the dual requirements that revocations be on "forms furnished and forwarded to the employer by the union." In fact, Felter, the employee-plaintiff, had been informed by letter from the union's secretary-treasurer that he had to return the enclosed revocation card, which would be "forwarded by me to the Company." 359 U.S. at 851. This instruction hardly precludes the employee from returning the form by mail, nor was he required to go to the union office to obtain it. In short, the restriction was found to be unlawful absent any requirement that the employee go to the union office at all.

The question remaining, then, is whether the requirement to submit the form to the Union for certification, standing alone (without the requirement to obtain the form from the Union) is unlawful under the Portsmouth rationale. I conclude that it is. The Authority did not invest the union's providing of the forms with any particular importance, but focused on the totality of the union's control. Thus, the Authority stated, in footnote 8 of Portsmouth:

In concluding that the Respondents violated the Statute as set forth above, the Authority does not find and should not be construed as holding that dues revocation forms provided by an exclusive representative are per se unlawful, but rather that the Union's control of the forms in the circum-stances of this case was unlawfully coercive.

Under the Felter-derived Portsmouth rationale, the vice was the lack of statutory authorization for the requirements in question. That vice is present here also. There is nothing in the Statute, either in section 7115, which deals with dues withholding, or elsewhere, that authorizes a requirement to submit revocations through the union.

Moreover, the second prong of the Portsmouth rationale is the Newport News doctrine that a restriction on revocation is unlawful if it is a condition "not specified in the employees' dues withholding authorization."(13) The instant case presents a more striking departure from the terms of the withholding authorization than was found in Portsmouth or Newport News. Here, the authorization (Form 1187) specifically stated the understanding of the employee making the dues deduction request that she could cancel the authorization "by filing Standard Form 1188 or other written cancellation request with the payroll office of my employing agency."

In sum, I conclude that under the Authority's stated rationale for finding the restrictions present in Portsmouth to be unlawful, the requirement found in Article 35, Section 4, of the NCBA is also an unlawful restriction on employees' right to refrain from joining or assisting a labor organization. On the authority of Portsmouth, I find that, by entering into and maintaining this provision, GSA violated section 7116(a)(1), (2), (3) and (8) of the Statute, and AFGE violated section 7116(b)(1), (2) and (8).

Union's Treatment of Fagan's Revocation Request

As noted by Counsel for the General Counsel, Fagan did everything he was supposed to do, even under the unlawfully restrictive contract provision, to submit a timely Form 1188. AFGE has relied, with respect to the per se allegation, on the fact that employees were not required to go to the Union office to deliver their executed Form 1188s. Although the Local had a representative at Fagan's place of employment, the Union encouraged members to send the forms to the Union's Auburn office, as Union secretary Ollum told Fagan to do.(10) This is tantamount to an adoption of mailing as a preferred method, if not the only method, of submitting a Form 1188. Notwithstanding the lack of specific authority to anyone in the GSA mailroom to receive mail on behalf of the Union, Fagan had a right to assume that the Union received and would process his Form 1188 once he had proof of its delivery to the address the Union held out for itself. See E.F. Hutton Group, Inc. v. U.S. Postal Service, 723 F. Supp. 951, 961 (S.D.N.Y. 1989); see also 17 Am. Jur. 2d Contracts § 106 (1991).

When Fagan informed the Union that he had mailed the form and received a return receipt, representations that the Union had no reason to doubt and did not question, it was incumbent upon the Union to honor that submission by accepting a copy (or a newly executed form) and forwarding it to GSA with a request to process it as a timely revocation. Instead, Bruce Williams ultimately decided that his inability to locate Fagan's Form 1188 precluded Fagan's revocation until his next anniversary date. Such a delay would be inconsistent with the Statute. See American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, Local 1931 and Department of the Navy, Naval Weapons Station, Concord, California, 32 FLRA 1023, 1029 (1988), reversed as to other matters sub nom. Department of the Navy, Naval Weapons Station, Concord, California v. FLRA, Nos. 88-7408/7470 (9th Cir. Feb. 7, 1989).

Williams wrote the March 1994 letter to Fagan, containing his decision to reject his attempted revocation, as the Regional Vice President of Council 236. He was also the president of Local 2600, of which Fagan was a member. Based on these facts, and the representation of counsel that the Council and the Local share in the proceeds of deducted dues, I conclude that both of these organizations are responsible for Williams' action. I therefore conclude that Council 236 and Local 2600 violated section 7116(b)(1) of the Statute. The Authority also found violations of section 7116(b)(2) and (8) in Portsmouth. Because the Authority also found violations of section 7116(b)(2) and (8) in Portsmouth, it appears that it would similarly find violations of those subsections with respect to the treatment of Fagan's attempted revocation. Consequently, I find those additional violations.

The Remedy

I shall recommend, as requested by Counsel for the General Counsel, that Council 236 and Local 2600, liable jointly and severally, be ordered to make the Charging Party whole. In view of the fact that the Council and the Local would not have been in a position to delay the Charging Party's revocation but for the unlawful contract provision, I find AFGE and GSA to be also, jointly and severally, liable for making him whole. For contribution purposes, the appropriate shares should be one-third each for GSA, AFGE, and Council 236 and Local 2600 collectively.

I do not find warranted, however, a make-whole remedy for other employees who submitted Form 1188s that were not processed by the Union. Such an order would place in compliance proceedings issues that should be litigated, if at all, in plenary unfair labor practice proceedings. The General Counsel cites U.S. Department of the Treasury, U.S. Mint, 35 FLRA 1095 (1990), in support of such a remedy. I am unable to determine from reading the Authority's explanation of its remedy in that case, viewed in light of the facts of the case, just what the Authority meant in describing class "(2)" of "other bargaining unit employees" whose dues assignments were affected by the unfair labor practices (Id. at 1101). However, one clear distinction between U.S. Mint and these cases is that the make-whole remedy in U.S. Mint ran to the charging party, not, as requested here, to unidentified employee/members. Anyone affected by the unfair labor practices found here may file charges, which the General Counsel may entertain if they are not barred by section 7118(a)(4) of the Statute. If their charges are time-barred, the policies behind the bar militate against forcing the Respondents to defend against their claims of improper failure to process revocation forms.(11)

Counsel for the General Counsel's suggestions regarding signing and posting of notices are well taken, and I shall recommend the sample notices attached to her brief, modified to conform to the violations found and the affirmative remedies I shall recommend.(12) Accordingly, I recommend that the Authority issue the following order.

ORDER

Pursuant to section 2423.29 of the Authority's Rules and Regulations and section 7118 of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (the Statute):

A. General Services Administration, Washington, D.C., shall:

1. Cease and desist from:

(a) Maintaining and enforcing any provision of its National agreement with American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO (AFGE), including Article 35, Section 4(2), which requires employees to submit a form SF 1188 to their local AFGE representative who must then certify the employee's anniversary date and submit the SF 1188 to the personnel office, in order to revoke dues withholding authorizations.

(b) In any like or related manner interfering with, restraining or coercing its employees in the exercise of their rights assured by the Statute.

2. Take the following affirmative action in order to effectuate the purposes and policies of the Statute:

(a) Together with American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, and its Council 236 and Local 2600, make Leo J. Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because his request to revoke dues withholding was not processed.

(b) Post at its facilities where bargaining unit members represented by AFGE are located, copies of the attached Notice marked Appendix A, on forms to be furnished by the Federal Labor Relations Authority. Upon receipt of such forms, they shall be signed by the Administrator of the General Services Administration and shall be posted and maintained for 60 consecutive days thereafter, in conspicuous places, including all bulletin boards and places where notices to employees are customarily posted. Reasonable steps shall be taken to ensure that such Notices are not altered, defaced, or covered by any other material.

(c) Pursuant to section 2423.30 of the Authority's Rules and Regulations, notify the Regional Director of the San Francisco Region, Federal Labor Relations Authority, in writing, within 30 days from the date of this Order as to what steps have been taken to comply.

B. American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, shall:

1. Cease and desist from:

(a) Maintaining and enforcing any provision of its national agreement with General Services Administration, including Article 35, Section 4(2), which requires employees to submit a form SF 1188 to their local AFGE representative who must then certify the employee's anniversary date and submit the SF 1188 to the personnel office, in order to revoke dues withholding authorizations.

(b) In any like or related manner interfering with, restraining or coercing employees in the exercise of their rights assured by the Statute.

2. Take the following affirmative action in order to effectuate the purposes and policies of the Statute:

(a) Together with its Council 236 and Local 2600 and General Services Administration, make Leo J. Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because his request to revoke dues withholding was not processed.

(b) Post at its business offices and in all places where notices to employees in its General Services Administration bargaining unit are customarily posted copies of the attached Notice marked Appendix B, on forms to be furnished by the Federal Labor Relations Authority. Upon receipt of such forms, they shall be signed by the President of American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, and shall be posted and maintained for 60 consecutive days thereafter. Reasonable steps shall be taken to insure that such Notices are not altered, defaced, or covered by any other material.

(c) Submit appropriate signed copies of such notice to the Administrator, General Services Administration, for posting in conspicuous places where unit employees are located. Copies of the Notice should be maintained for a period of 60 consecutive days from the date of posting.

(d) Pursuant to section 2423.30 of the Authority's Rules and Regulations, notify the Regional Director, San Francisco Region, Federal Labor Relations Authority, in writing, within 30 days from the date of this Order as to what steps have been taken to comply.

C. American Federation of Government Employees, Council 236, and American Federation of Government Employees, Local 2600, shall:

1. Cease and desist from:

(a) Refusing to honor timely dues withholding revocations received at their designated address.

(b) In any like or related manner interfering with, restraining or coercing employees in the exercise of their rights assured by the Statute.

2. Take the following affirmative action in order to effectuate the purposes and policies of the Statute:

(a) Together with American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, and General Services Administration, make Leo J. Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because his request to revoke dues withholding was not processed.

(b) Post at their business offices and in all places where notices to employees in the bargaining unit in General Services Administration, Region 10, are customarily posted copies of the attached Notice marked Appendix C, on forms to be furnished by the Federal Labor Relations Authority. Upon receipt of such forms, they shall be signed by the President of Council 236 and the President of Local 2600 and shall be posted and maintained for 60 consecutive days thereafter. Reasonable steps shall be taken to insure that such Notices are not altered, defaced, or covered by any other material.

(c) Submit appropriate signed copies of such notice to the Regional Administrator for Region 10, General Services Administration, for posting in conspicuous places where unit employees are located. Copies of the Notice should be maintained for a period of 60 consecutive days from the date of posting.

(d) Pursuant to section 2423.30 of the Authority's Rules and Regulations, notify the Regional Director, San Francisco Region, Federal Labor Relations Authority, in writing, within 30 days from the date of this Order as to what steps have been taken to comply.

Issued, Washington, DC, May 19, 1995

________________________
JESSE ETELSON
Administrative Law Judge

APPENDIX A

NOTICE TO ALL EMPLOYEES

AS ORDERED BY THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY

AND TO EFFECTUATE THE POLICIES OF THE

FEDERAL SERVICE LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS STATUTE

WE HEREBY NOTIFY OUR EMPLOYEES THAT:

WE WILL NOT maintain and enforce any provision of our National Agreement with American Federation of Government Employees, (AFGE), including Article 35, Section 4(2), which requires employees to submit a form SF 1188 to his/her local AFGE representative who must then certify the employee's anniversary date and submit the SF 1188 to the personnel office, in order to revoke dues withholding authorizations.

WE WILL NOT in any like or related manner interfere with, restrain or coerce our employees in the exercise of rights assured them by the Statute.

WE WILL together with AFGE and its Council 236 and Local 2600, make Leo J. Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because his SF-1188 request to revoke dues withholding was not processed.

General Services Administration

Date: _________ By: Administrator

(Signature) (Title)

This Notice must remain posted for 60 consecutive days from the date of posting and must not be altered, defaced or covered by any other material.

If employees have any questions concerning this Notice or compliance with any of its provisions, they may communicate directly with the Regional Director of the Federal Labor Relations Authority, San Francisco Region, 901 Market Street, Suite 220, San Francisco, CA 94103-1791, and whose telephone number is: (415) 744-4000.

APPENDIX B

NOTICE TO ALL MEMBERS AND EMPLOYEES

AS ORDERED BY THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY

AND TO EFFECTUATE THE POLICIES OF THE

FEDERAL SERVICE LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS STATUTE

WE HEREBY NOTIFY OUR MEMBERS AND EMPLOYEES THAT:

WE WILL NOT maintain and enforce any provision of our National Agreement with General Services Administration, including Article 35, Section 4(2), which requires employees to submit a form SF 1188 to his/her local AFGE representative who must then certify the employee's anniversary date and submit the SF 1188 to the personnel office, in order to revoke dues withholding authorizations.

WE WILL NOT in any like or related manner interfere with, restrain or coerce our employees in the exercise of rights assured them by the Statute.

WE WILL together with Council 236, Local 2600, and General Services Administration, make Leo J. Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because the employee's request to revoke dues withholding authorization was denied or delayed because his SF-1188 request was not processed.

American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO

Date: __________ By: President

(Signature) (Title)

This Notice must remain posted for 60 consecutive days from the date of posting and must not be altered, defaced or covered by any other material.

If employees have any questions concerning this Notice or compliance with any of its provisions, they may communicate directly with the Regional Director of the Federal Labor Relations Authority, San Francisco Region, 901 Market Street, Suite 220, San Francisco, CA 94103-1791, and whose telephone number is: (415) 744-4000.

APPENDIX C

NOTICE TO ALL MEMBERS AND EMPLOYEES

AS ORDERED BY THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY

AND TO EFFECTUATE THE POLICIES OF THE

FEDERAL SERVICE LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS STATUTE

WE HEREBY NOTIFY OUR MEMBERS AND EMPLOYEES THAT:

WE WILL NOT refuse to honor timely dues withholding revocations received at our designated address.

WE WILL NOT in any like or related manner interfere with, restrain or coerce employees in the exercise of rights assured them by the Statute.

WE WILL together with American Federation of Government Employees, AFL-CIO, and General Services Administration, make Leo J. Fagan whole for dues wrongfully withheld because his request to revoke dues withholding was not processed.

American Federation of Government Employees, Council 236

Date: ________ By: President

(Signature) (Title)

American Federation of Government Employees, Local 2600

Date: ________ By: President

(Signature) (Title)

This Notice must remain posted for 60 consecutive days from the date of posting and must not be altered, defaced or covered by any other material.

If employees have any questions concerning this Notice or compliance with any of its provisions, they may communicate directly with the Regional Director of the Federal Labor Relations Authority, San Francisco Region, 901 Market Street, Suite 220, San Francisco, CA 94103-1791, and whose telephone number is: (415) 744-4000.




FOOTNOTES:
(If blank, the decision does not have footnotes.)


Authority's Footnotes Follow:

1. The Union filed exceptions on behalf of itself and its constituents, Council 236 and Local 2600.

2. The Judge found that Council 236 and Local 2600 shared office space at Auburn, where they received mail from the Agency's mailroom, and that the Charging Party timely sent his SF 1188 to the correct address. These findings are undisputed.

3. Article 35, section 4, entitled "Effective Dates for Dues Withholding Actions," provides that the effective date of an employee's revocation will be the:

Beginning of [the] first pay period following the anniversary date of [the] employee's membership in AFGE, provided that a properly executed SF 1188 was received by the Personnel Office no later than the anniversary date and no earlier than 10 calendar days before such anniversary date. The employee is responsible for submitting the SF-1188 to his/her local representative who will certify the anniversary date and submit the SF-1188 to the Personnel Office."

4. The provision in AFGE, like the provision here, required that employees submit "a timely SF 1188 to the union representatives designated for such purpose." 51 FLRA at 1429. Also like the provision here, the provision in AFGE required the union representative to certify the employee's anniversary date and forward the SF 1188 to the agency's fiscal office.


ALJ's Footnotes Follow:

1. After the briefs were submitted, counsel for the Respondent labor organizations filed an inadvertently omitted attachment, consisting of an arbitrator's opinion and award, as authority for the proposition that enforcement of the requirement to submit revocation forms to a union representative does not violate the Statute. Counsel for the General Counsel has moved to strike the attachment and the references to it in the AFGE brief, on the ground that it constitutes post-hearing evidence lacking just