52:0521(48)NG - - AFGE, Local 1687 and VA Medical Center, Mountain Home, TN - - 1996 FLRAdec NG - - v52 p521

[ v52 p521 ]
The decision of the Authority follows:

52 FLRA No. 48





LOCAL 1687










October 30, 1996


Before the Authority: Phyllis N. Segal, Chair; Tony Armendariz and Donald S. Wasserman, Members.

I. Statement of the Case

This case is before the Authority on a negotiability appeal filed by the Union under section 7105(a)(2)(E) of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (the Statute), and concerns the negotiability of one proposal. For the reasons that follow, we find that the proposal is not within the duty to bargain because it impermissibly affects the exercise of management's rights to direct employees and assign work pursuant to section 7106(a)(2)(A) and (B) of the Statute and the record does not establish that it is an appropriate arrangement.

II. The Proposal

The Union proposes that the performance standard for pharmacy technicians remain at filling 240 outpatient prescriptions for the evening shift.

III. Positions of the Parties

The Union contends that this proposal constitutes an appropriate arrangement for employees who will be adversely affected by the Agency's action in increasing the number of prescriptions that pharmacy technicians are required to fill on the evening shift from 240 to 300. The Union asserts that the Agency's requirement will increase the likelihood of errors in filling prescriptions for medications.(1) The Union did not file a response to the Agency's statement of position.

The Agency argues that this proposal impermissibly interferes with management's rights "to assign and to direct employees."(2) Statement of position at 2. Additionally, the Agency asserts that the Union's claim that this proposal is negotiable as an appropriate arrangement is without merit.

IV. Analysis and Conclusions

A. Background and Meaning of the Proposal

The Union submitted this proposal in response to the Agency's plan to increase the performance standard of pharmacy technicians for productivity from 240 to 300 prescriptions per evening shift. The proposal requires the Agency to maintain the status quo with respect to the performance standard for productivity.

B. The Proposal Affects Management's Rights to Direct Employees and Assign Work

The Authority has long held that the establishment of critical elements and performance standards is among the ways that management supervises employees and determines the quantity, quality, and timeliness of work required of employees and, consequently, that it constitutes an exercise of management's rights to direct employees and assign work. See, e.g., American Federation of Government Employees, Local 1164 and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Social Security Administration, District Office, Worcester, Massachusetts, 49 FLRA 1408, 1414 (1994) (SSA, Worcester); National Treasury Employees Union and Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Public Debt, 3 FLRA 769, 775-76 (1980) (Public Debt), aff'd 691 F.2d 553 (D.C. Cir. 1982). It is also well established that proposals that restrict an agency's authority to determine the content of performance standards affects the exercise of management's rights to direct employees and assign work. See, e.g., SSA, Worcester, 49 FLRA at 1414.

This proposal determines the content of a performance standard by prescribing the quantity of work specified in the standard. Consequently, the proposal impermissibly affects the exercise of management's rights to direct employees and assign work, see, e.g., Public Debt, 3 FLRA at 781, and it is outside the duty to bargain unless, as claimed by the Union, it constitutes an appropriate arrangement under section 7106(b)(3) of the Statute.

C. The Record Does Not Establish That the Proposal Is an Appropriate Arrangement

The approach for determining whether a proposal is within the duty to bargain under section 7106(b)(3) is set out in National Association of Government Employees, Local R14-87