United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Huntington, West Virginia (Agency) and American Federation of Government Employees, Local 2344 (Union)
[ v56 p990 ]
56 FLRA No. 170
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS
AFFAIRS, MEDICAL CENTER
HUNTINGTON, WEST VIRGINIA
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT
EMPLOYEES, LOCAL 2344
December 20, 2000
Before the Authority: Donald S. Wasserman, Chairman; Dale Cabaniss and Carol Waller Pope, Members. [n1]
Decision by Chairman Wasserman for the Authority.
I. Statement of the Case
This matter is before the Authority on exceptions to an award of Arbitrator Robert Herzog filed by the Agency under section 7122(a) of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (the Statute). The Union filed an opposition to the Agency's exceptions.
The Arbitrator found that the Agency violated the parties' collective bargaining agreement by failing to provide police officers paid time to change into and out of uniforms at the beginning and end of each shift. He directed the Agency to provide police officers such time in the future.
For the reasons that follow, we set aside the award as contrary to law.
II. Background and Arbitrator's Award
The Union filed a grievance asserting that the Agency violated the parties' agreement by failing to provide police officers paid time to change into and out of uniforms at the beginning and end of each shift. When the grievance was unresolved, it was submitted to arbitration, where the Arbitrator framed the issue as follows: "Did the Employer violate Article 20, Section 3K by denying police officers' request for ten (10) minutes at the beginning and ending of their respective tours to change clothes? If so, what shall the remedy be?" Award at 2. [n2]
As relevant here, the Arbitrator found that, under Article 20, Section 3K of the parties' agreement, if the Agency permits officers to change clothes at work, "then the grievance must be granted[.]" Id. at 10. The Arbitrator found that the Agency permits officers to change clothes at work, and he sustained the grievance. As a remedy, he directed the Agency to begin providing 10 minutes of paid time at the beginning and ending of each tour of duty to change clothes.
III. Positions of the Parties
A. Agency's Exceptions
The Agency asserts that the award is contrary to 5 C.F.R. § 551.412(b). [n3] In this connection, the Agency asserts that, because the officers are not required to change clothes at work, the clothes-changing constitutes a preliminary and postliminary activity and, as such, is not compensable. See Exceptions at 5 (citing Bantom v. United States, 165 Ct. Cl. 78, 81 (1964), cert. denied, 379 U.S. 890, and Matter of William C. Hughes, Jr., 1979 WL 12667 (1979)). In addition, the Agency argues that the award violates its rights to determine its internal security practices and assign work.
B. Union's Opposition
The Union asserts that Office of Personnel Management (OPM) regulations implementing the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) for federal employees must be interpreted consistently with regulations issued by the Department of Labor (DOL) implementing the FLSA for private sector employees. Therefore, according to the Union, 5 C.F.R. § 551.412(b) must be interpreted consistently with 29 C.F.R. § 785.50(b)(1), which permits compensation for preliminary and postliminary activities where such compensation is required by a collective bargaining agreement. [n4] The Union claims that the cases relied on by the Agency are distinguishable because they did not involve a situation [ v56 p991 ] where changing time was authorized by an agreement. The Union also argues that the award does not conflict with management's rights and that Article 20, Section 3K constitutes an appropriate arrangement.
IV. The award is contrary to 5 C.F.R. § 551.412.
The Authority reviews the questions of law raised by the award and the Agency's exceptions de novo. See NTEU, Chapter 24, 50 FLRA 3