Agency Administration and Structure
The Statute establishes distinct components within the FLRA, including the Authority, the Office of the General Counsel of the Authority, and the Federal Service Impasses Panel. Presidential appointees are included in each of these three components. The FLRA structure also includes an Office of Administrative Law Judges. These components are depicted below in the order in which cases generally process through the FLRA. The business of the FLRA, and thus the FLRA mission, is to carry out five (5) primary statutory responsibilities as efficiently as possible and in a manner that gives full effect to the rights afforded employees and agencies under the Statute. Those five primary responsibilities are:
- Resolving complaints of unfair labor practices (ULPs)
- Determining the appropriateness of units for labor organization representation (REP)
- Adjudicating exceptions to arbitrators' awards (ARB)
- Adjudicating legal issues relating to the duty to bargain (NEG)
- Resolving impasses during negotiations (Impasse)
The FLRA components exercise statutorily independent prosecutorial and adjudicative responsibilities, with different and separate legal roles. The Statute, however, requires the President to designate one of the Authority Members to serve also as the FLRA Chairman, the head of the agency.As the FLRA's chief executive and administrative officer, the FLRA Chairman is responsible for decisions regarding agency-wide administrative functions, such as purchasing, human resources, budgeting, finance, information technology, leasing of office space, and agency performance management. The Chairman carries out these duties through the Office of the Executive Director.The immediate staffs of the Authority Members, the Office of the General Counsel, and the Federal Service Impasses Panel (Panel) are under the general, day-to-day supervision of their respective Members or component heads. In addition, the Authority Members appoint Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) to hear and prepare decisions in cases involving alleged ULPs, as well as decisions involving applications for attorney fees filed pursuant to the Back Pay Act or the Equal Access to Justice Act. The FLRA also provides full staff support to two other organizations - - the Foreign Service Impasse Disputes Panel and the Foreign Service Labor Relations Board. [created by the Foreign Service Act of 1980] The Authority, Office of the General Counsel, and Panel maintain their respective headquarters offices at a common site in Washington, DC. The FLRA Office of the General Counsel also includes staff in seven regional offices (Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, San Francisco, Washington DC) and one satellite office (Brea, CA).