Case Types

The FLRA primarily handles five types of cases.  Click on the links below to file a case or learn more about each case type. 

  • Unfair Labor Practice:  The federal labor-relations statute protects federal employees’ rights to organize, bargain collectively, and participate in labor organizations of their choosing – and to refrain from doing so.  An unfair labor practice is conduct by agencies or unions that violates the rights that the Statute protects or the rules that it establishes.
  • Representation:  The FLRA resolves any matter related to the representation of employees, including conducting union elections and deciding which employees will be included in the unit of employees that a union represents.
  • Arbitration:  Either an agency or a union may appeal arbitration awards, issued under the parties' negotiated grievance procedure, on specific, narrow grounds.
  • Negotiability:  A union may file a petition to challenge an agency's claim that bargaining proposals are contrary to law, rule, or regulation, or an agency head's disapproval of negotiated contract language.
  • Impasse:  If, after negotiations and third-party mediation, unions and agencies are unable to reach a voluntary agreement in bargaining, either side, or the parties jointly, may request assistance from the Federal Service Impasses Panel.
  • Other Types:  Infrequently, cases do not fit within any of the five types described above.  Select “Other Types” for these less common matters, such as requests for General Statements of Policy or Guidance, or cases involving the Foreign Service Labor Relations Board, among others.