[ v18 p55 ]
The decision of the Authority follows:
18 FLRA No. 9 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, BALTIMORE, MARYLAND Respondent and AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO Charging Party Case No. 7-CA-40315 DECISION AND ORDER The Administrative Law Judge issued the attached Decision in the above-entitled proceeding, finding that the Respondent had not engaged in the unfair labor practices alleged in the complaint and recommending that the complaint be dismissed. The General Counsel and the Charging Party filed exceptions to the Judge's Decision. Pursuant to section 2423.29 of the Authority's Rules and Regulations and section 7118 of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute, the Authority has reviewed the rulings of the Judge made at the hearing and finds that no prejudicial error was committed. The rulings are hereby affirmed. Upon consideration of the Judge's Decision and the entire record, the Authority hereby adopts the Judge's findings, conclusions and recommended Order. ORDER IT IS ORDERED that the complaint in Case No. 7-CA-40315 be, and it hereby is, dismissed. Issued, Washington, D.C., May 16, 1985 Henry B. Frazier III, Acting Chairman William J. McGinnis, Jr., Member FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY -------------------- ALJ$ DECISION FOLLOWS -------------------- Carl Clayton, For Respondent Daniel Minahan, For the General Counsel Federal Labor Relations Authority Reginald T. Huey, For the Charging Party Before: ISABELLE R. CAPPELLO, Administrative Law Judge DECISION This is a proceeding under Title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, Pub. L. No. 95-454, 95 Stat. 1192, 5 U.S.C. 7101 et seq. (1982), commonly known as the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute, and hereinafter referred to as the Statute, and the rules and regulations issued thereunder and published at 5 CFR 2411 et seq. On March 23, 1984, the Charging Party filed an unfair labor practice charge against Respondent. The charge, as amended on June 4, was investigated by Region VII of the Federal Labor Relations Authority (Authority); and, on June 13, the complaint initiating this proceeding was filed. The complaint alleges that Respondent has violated Section 7116(a)(2) of the Statute by reassigning Donald Ruxlow, a head steward of Local 1336 of the Charging Party because he engaged in activities protected by the Statute. It further alleges that the reassignment of Mr. Ruxlow because of such activities violated Section 7116(a)(1) of the Statute. /1/ On July 11, 1984, a hearing on the matter was held in Kansas City, Missouri. The parties appeared, examined witnesses, and adduced documentary evidence. Briefs were filed on August 10, by the Respondent, and on August 27, by the General Counsel, pursuant to an August 9 order extending the briefing time to August 27, on motion of Respondent received on August 8. Based upon the record made in this proceeding, my observation of the demeanor of the witnesses, and the briefs, I enter the following findings of fact and conclusions of law, and recommend the entry of the following order. Findings of Fact 1. It is admitted that, at all times material herein, Respondent has been an agency and the Charging Party (AFGE) has been a labor organization, as those terms are defined in the Statute. AFGE represents a consolidated, nation-wide bargaining unit of Respondent's non-professional employees. 2. At Kansas City, Missouri, Respondent operates the Mid-America Program Service Center (MAPSC). AFGE is represented there by Local 1336, whose jurisdiction also covers other components of Respondent in the area, including the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) in Omaha, Nebraska. Local 1336 represents 3,000 employees of whom 2,400 are employed in the MAPSC. 3. All of Respondent's Program Service Centers have been covered by master contracts since 1974. The master contract currently in effect was executed in 1978; and parts of it have been continued in effect by mutual agreement of the parties. Article 10 of that agreement, which deals with union entitlement to official time for representational activities, has remained virtually unchanged since at least 1978. Article 10 entitles each union head steward to 25 percent official time for representational activities, and each union officer to 49 percent. 4. Article 10 of the master contract of the Program Service Centers provides for "reasonable time" for union representatives to travel between different buildings in a Program Service Center which are a substantial distance from each other (G.C. 2 B, page 22). Since 1974, there has been a practice which allows union representatives in Kansas City an automatic 30 minutes in travel time, each way, between MAPSC's principal facilities-- the Federal Office Building (FOB) and the Mid-Town Office Center (MTOC), located about three quarters of a mile apart and serviced by an agency shuttle bus which usually runs every half hour. Employees at the MTOC were housed at the Crown Center location for six years and up until the least there was lost. The 30-minute provision for travel time was apparently unilaterally initiated by Respondent's management at the MAPSC when the Crown Center facility was leased, and continued after the move to the MTOC. See Tr. 56 and 104. /2/ Management has never moved to change the 30-minute provision. 5. Union representatives who wish to be excused on official time must obtain prior approval from a supervisor by completing an SSA Form 75. Every time a Union representative travels between the MTOC and the FOB, in Kansas City, the representative's supervisor notes the automatic 30-minute allowance for travel each way on the SSA Form 75. 6. Donald Ruxlow is a claims authorizer for MAPSC and a head steward for Local 1336, a union job he has held for about eight years. From 1980 to March 18, 1984, he worked at the MTOC. Before that, he worked at the Crown Center for six years. For the last three years, Local 1336 has assigned him to represent employees in a union-designated "Section 9," which is a miscellaneous collection of employees on the ninth floor of the FOB and at a warehouse on Hardesty Avenue, about a mile and a half from the FOB. Local 1336 created "Section 9" after Respondent agreed, in 1974, to allow Local 1336 an additional head steward in return for its acceptance of the module system, a module being a group of 55 employees who are assigned to handle a certain range of Social Security numbers through the process from the filing of a claim to payment. Although he represents employees at various locations, Mr. Ruxlow spends most of his official time in Local 1336's office on the tenth floor of the FOB, where the union files are maintained, including grievance files. Starting in the Fall of 1982, Mr. Ruxlow travelled to the union office almost every day to fulfill his representational responsibilities. 7. There are two other head stewards and two officers of Local 1336 who work at the MTOC. The head stewards are Dorothy Joy and Sam Schmidt. They represent employees at the MTOC. Each has been traveling to the union office from three to five times a week since May 1983. The officers are William Clause and Beverly Garrett. Neither is assigned to represent any particular group of employees. Mr. Clause has been traveling to the union office from the MTOC three to five times a week for the past five years; and Ms. Garrett has been traveling to the union office with the same frequency since May or June 1983. When she became Secretary of Local 1336, Ms. Garrett was "asked," by the section chief, if she would like to physically move to the FOB; she declined; and she was not moved (Tr. 76-77). Instead, she made an arrangement with her section chief whereby she drove her car to the FOB, and was not required to return to the MTOC to check out at the close of the working day. This arrangement eliminated half of her travel time allotment to and from the FOB. Now, she is required to come back to the MTOC and uses the full one hour in travel time. 8. On April 26, 1984, the Manager of the section in which Mr. Clause and Ms. Garrett work, asked the Director of Management at MAPSC, Patricia Madach, to "(p)lease look into reassigning these two union officials as soon as possible to the Federal Office Building" (R. 2). The reason given was that they do not normally handle employee grievances, spend 49 percent of their working time in the union office in the FOB, and the transfer would save travel time. No action has as yet been taken by management. But, in July 1984, Ms. Garrett herself "put in for a move" to the FOB (Tr. 77). 9. It was stipulated that Mr. Ruxlow was known to Respondent as being an active union steward "who participates in protected activity on a regular basis" (Tr. 34). Mr. Ruxlow's most active period as a steward began in September 1982. Initially, it involved turmoil at the warehouse on Hardesty Avenue where no other steward is assigned to represent these employees. Three or four employees were belligerent towards each other and, by the time Mr. Ruxlow appeared, a congressman and the Inspector General had been contacted; and an employee had received a letter of reprimand. Mr. Ruxlow dealt with various management officials concerning this situation, including Patricia Madach, who later informed him of his reassignment. By December 1983, the controversy abated-- an employee was transferred and the warehouse was reorganized under a new chief. In 1983, Mr. Ruxlow began processing a grievance on behalf of an OHA employee, in Omaha. This representative involved 10 hours of arbitration on November 1 and a second session in January 1984. The record does not show that Mr. Ruxlow received any allowance for travel to the warehouse or any OHA facility. 10. Ms. Madach is the Director of Management at MAPSC and the management official responsible for labor relations and the policing and monitoring of the use of official time by union officials. In August 1983, she became concerned about the use of official time by stewards to represent non-MAPSC employees. See G.C. 7. This representation is allowed by the parties' contract, in its "Crossover" provision; but the Union is required to make "maximum" efforts to first utilize representatives with the component. See G.C. 2a, page 73, Article 30, Section 4. On August 1, 1983, she notified Local 1336 that union officials must indicate on their SSA Form No. 75 that they are representing a non-mapsc employee, and justify the need. 11. In October 1983, the chief of Mr. Ruxlow's section requested an accounting of his use of official time to represent the OHA employee in Omaha. Mr. Ruxlow furnished an accounting of his time from the period of August 5 through October 13, but was unable to separate the time spent representing the OHA employee from his other representational duties. See G.C. 4. 12. On November 1, 1983, Ms. Madach asked Local 1336 to furnish the union copies of SSA Form No. 75 for Mr. Ruxlow for the days Mr. Ruxlow accounted for to his section chief. This request was made pursuant to Article 10, Section (e) of the Master Agreement. See G.C. 5. This was the first time management had ever invoked this provision of the contract. Local 1336 complied with the request. 3. On March 1, 1984, Ms. Madach returned the Ruxlow forms to Local 1336 with a memorandum which began with the advice that her review of the forms indicated that Mr. Ruxlow was "not requesting or obtaining official time properly, and (was) misrepresenting his time on the SSA-75-U4's" (G.C. 7, page 1). A copy of her memorandum was sent to Mr. Ruxlow and his section manager. She referred to her memorandum to Local 1336 of August 1, regarding what must be indicated on the forms in regard to so-called "Crossover" time. She specified instances where Mr. Ruxlow had not given sufficient information to his supervisors to allow management to insure that the contract provisions for "Crossover" time were being fulfilled. She also specified some instances where Mr. Ruxlow reported working on grievances for specified individuals for whom management had no records of a pending grievance, and where Mr. Ruxlow reported a contact with a union official who was involved in a hearing on that day, and had not taken official time or leave without pay. She noted that she was bringing these "discrepancies and inaccuracies" to Local 1336's attention pursuant to their contract and that, pursuant to the contract, Local 1336 had 5 working days to furnish written notification of "whatever correction actions may have been taken" (G.C. 7, page 2). She asked for Mr. Ruxlow's explanation for each alleged discrepancy, inaccuracy, and misrepresentation, and noted that Local 1336's written reply would be "taken into consideration in determining whether disciplinary action should be contemplated" (G.C. 7, page 3). (In fact, no disciplinary, or other action has ever been taken against Mr. Ruxlow). She concluded her memorandum with the following two paragraphs: During my review of Mr. Ruxlow's use of official time, it came to my attention that Mr. Ruxlow is the Head Steward for components located in the FOB only while he is assigned to a module in the MTOC. I, therefore, reviewed his records to see how often it was necessary for Mr. Ruxlow to come to the FOB in order to fulfill his union obligations. During the last year, there were only 10 workdays on which Mr. Ruxlow did not travel to the FOB for his representational duties. For the balance of the days during the last year, Mr. Ruxlow spent part of all of his day in the FOB on official time or he was on some type of approved leave. Granting travel time for a steward on an almost daily basis is an unnecessary financial burden on the agency and seriously interferes with the assigned duties of the agency. In order to facilitate Mr. Ruxlow's ability to properly fulfill his representational duties, he is being assigned to a unit which is closer to the components he serves. Effective March 18, 1984, Mr. Ruxlow will be assigned to Module 25, which is located in the FOB. Having Mr. Ruxlow in the same building as the union office and the components he represents should allow you to better insure that he is utilizing and reporting his official time properly. We expect you to exercise your responsibility to insure that not only Mr. Ruxlow, but all union officials and stewards are completing their Form SSA-75-U4's accurately. See G.C. 7, page 3. 14. The decision to transfer Mr. Ruxlow to the FOB was not made by Ms. Madach, however, but by Marlyn Shuler, the Director of Operations at MAPSC. Mr. Shuler has 180 managers and 42 modules "to worry about" and rarely knows what individual stewards do (Tr. 98), or how they use up their official time, leaving that "worry" instead to Ms. Madach and her labor relations staff. Mr. Ruxlow's managers had been requesting that he move Mr. Ruxlow to the FOB for "quite some time" before he received a report from the labor relations staff which also suggested that he might want to move Mr. Ruxlow. Until he received this report, Mr. Shuler had not fully realized the extent of the problem. The report was based on a review of Mr. Ruxlow's SSA-Form-75s for a few years. It showed him coming to the FOB almost every day. And it showed that the frequency of his trips had been increasing from a low of 133 in 1978 to a high of 211 in 1983, when there were 225 workdays available and Mr. Ruxlow had also used quite a bit of sick leave. Mr. Shuler saw this travel as "of no particular value to him (Mr. Ruxlow) and a total loss to (MAPSC) of claims authorizer services for one hour per day" (Tr. 90). There is "a shortage of claims authorizers pretty much across the board" at MAPSC (Tr. 99). Mr. Shuler testified, in an honest, straightforward way, that his decision to transfer Mr. Ruxlow to the FOB was related solely to the unnecessary use of an hour a day of travel time, and that Mr. Ruxlow's activities on behalf of local 1336 had nothing to do with the decision. Mr. Shuler admitted that he preferred to ask employees whether they wished to be transferred before transferring them and that this was not done in the case of Mr. Ruxlow. However, Mr. Shuler was not shown to have displayed any union animus or to have ever curtailed the use of official time by Mr. Ruxlow or any union representative. There is a practice at the MAPSC to transfer employees to eliminate frequent and unnecessary travel time between the FOB and the MTOC. Accordingly, I credit Mr. Shuler's testimony that he transferred Mr. Ruxlow solely to eliminate the one hour travel time between the FOB and the MTOC. 15. The manager of Mr. Ruxlow while he was a claims authorizer at the MTOC supervised him for three years. She established that he travelled to the FOB almost every day. As a head steward entitled to 25 percent official time, his workload was reduced by 25 percent. He could not be assigned a lot of hard cases because he was not available long enough. Mr. Ruxlow himself admitted that occasionally he would have to suggest that a case be given to someone else, if it were "a real expedited" one, because of his union duties (Tr. 41). His manager was not bothered by his use of official time, but considered the added travel time as a "major interference with the efficiency of (her) operation" (Tr. 87). She evaluated his work performance as "above average in accuracy and production" (Tr. 90). It was estimated that the one hour spent by Mr. Ruxlow in travel time to the FOB had cost MAPSC $11,652 in salary over the period from 1978 through the first quarter of 1984. 16. Mr. Ruxlow was transferred to the FOB on March 18, 1984 without any prior consultation. The assignment involved no change in pay, benefits, duties, or responsibilities. It required no relearning process. He continued to service claimants from the same State. However, Mr. Ruxlow did not want to be transferred. He had established a good working relationship with managers in his module at the MTOC. Moreover, parking was free at the MTOC; and now he must pay to park near the FOB. Also, the MTOC is smaller than the FOB, and so it was easier for Mr. Ruxlow to arrive at and depart from his work station at the MTOC. Mr. Ruxlow's present supervisor knows he was transferred because he was using so much travel time and questioned closely, on one occasion, when he sought permission to go to the MTOC to represent an employee there. Nevertheless, she granted his request, after checking with the section office. 17. Prior to Mr. Ruxlow's transfer, no union representative had been transferred from the MTOC to the FOB because of the travel-time factor. The only other witness to serve in the MTOC as a head steward established that she went to union office at the FOB on an average of two or three times a week, in contrast to Mr. Ruxlow's almost daily visits over a period of years. She apparently represented employees at the MTOC. However, "sometimes" employees in other sections personally requested her; and then she was required to go over to the FOB more often, "sometimes" every day of the week (Tr. 77). 18. In response to a question as to whether anybody in his present module knows why he was transferred, Mr. Ruxlow testified, inter alia, that some employees had remarked to him: "Well, management got you finally, didn't they" (Tr. 42-43). In agreement with Respondent (G.C. Br. 6, fn. 2), I conclude that this statement is ambiguous and could be interpreted as relating to the reduction of an hour a day in travel-time usage, which usage had left other employees to do Mr. Ruxlow's share of the workload, and was without any relationship to his use of official time to perform representational duties. Discussion and Conclusions The General Counsel has not established, by a preponderance of the evidence /3/ that the transfer of Donald Ruxlow, a head steward of Local 1336, from one building (the MTOC) to another (the FOB) was a violation of either Section 7116(a)(1) or (2) of the Statute, as alleged in the complaint. A. The alleged Section 7116(a)(2) violation. One element of proof of a Section 7116(a)(2) unfair labor practice is that the action taken was discriminatory in nature. See footnote 1, above. The General Counsel argues that it is "obvious" that the action taken here was "predicated on discrimination-- that he was treated differently because he was a union representative" (G.C. Br. 8) and relies on several facts of record. Primary reliance seems to be placed on the Madach memorandum of March 1, 1984 to the President of Local 1336. See G.C. Br. 8 and finding 13, above. Patricia Madach is the management official responsible for monitoring and policing the use of official time by union representatives. The President of Local 1336 is her counterpart. To him she wrote to complain about what seemed to her to be a misuse of official time by Mr. Ruxlow and to seek an explanation. Only incidentally did she bring up the matter that, in reviewing his official-time forms, it had come to her attention that he was representing union components located in the FOB while assigned by management to the MTOC, and this was necessitating almost daily trips to the FOB. She then went on to comment that "(g)ranting travel time for a steward on an almost daily basis is an unnecessary financial burden on the agency and seriously interferes with the assigned duties of the agency." See finding 13, above. It was in this context that she then used the language relied upon by the General Counsel:" "In order to facilitate Mr. Ruxlow's ability to properly fulfill his representational duties, he is being assigned to a unit closer to the components he serves." See finding 13, above, and G.C. Br. 8. She then used the second sentence relied upon by the General Counsel: "Having Mr. Ruxlow in the same building as the union office and the components he represents should allow you to better insure that he is utilizing and reporting his official time properly." See finding 13 and G.C. Br. 8. She then concluded the memorandum by stating: "We expect you to exercise your responsibility to insure that not only Mr. Ruxlow, but all union officials and stewards are completing their (official time forms) accurately." See finding 13. Thus, when viewed in context, the Madach statements relied upon the General Counsel do not reflect discrimination against union representatives, but rather a legitimate, managerial concern in policing the use by union representatives of time allowed by the parties' collective bargaining commitments to perform union representational responsibilities. Furthermore, the decision to transfer Mr. Ruxlow was not made by Ms. Madach, but by his line supervisor, Marlyn Shuler, Mr. Shuler testified creditably that his decision was based solely upon such a needless waste of time (one hour daily over a period of years) that was of no benefit to Mr. Ruxlow and was a considerable loss to the activity. See finding 14, above. Mr. Shuler, when asked on cross-examination whether Mr. Ruxlow was reassigned because he was a union steward, replied: "Coincidentally so" (Tr. 114). But this does not necessarily infer a discriminatory motive. Rather, it explains that Mr. Ruxlow's transfer was in line with an established practice of transferring MTOC employees to the FOB to eliminate frequent unnecessary travel time between the two buildings and, it just so happened, that Mr. Ruxlow's frequent and unnecessary travel was related to his union stewardship. As in the case cited by the General Counsel at page 8 of his brief, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Buffalo, New York (VA), 13 FLRA No. 46, 13 FLRA 283, 291 (1983), it was in the nature of "fortuitous circumstances" that a union-related matter was what precipitated the action taken. In the VA case, a union steward was eliminated during a selection process, but no discriminatory motive was found. As in the VA case, it is significant here that there was no proof of union animus or strain between the manager who made the decision and the union steward affected by it. Here, the steward was treated the same as other employees who were transferred from the MTOC to the FOB to eliminate unnecessary loss of production time to travel between the two buildings. The General Counsel also claims that Mr. Ruxlow was treated differently from other union representatives. But the record shows that Mr. Ruxlow was unique among union representatives located in the MTOC-- he was the only one regularly assigned to represent a union component in the FOB building, to which he was transferred, and had no regularly assigned duties to represent any union component in the MTOC building from which he was transferred. The General Counsel notes that another MTOC-situated union representative was first asked by management if she wanted to transfer to the FOB; was not transferred when she declined; and was first given another option. See G.C. Br. 15 and finding 7, above. However, as also noted by the General Counsel, there is no policy statement or regulation concerning such transfers; and management could have rationally decided that Mr. Ruxlow's unique status made his transfer imperative, namely his job as a claims authorizer being in short supply at the activity and his having no regular union assignment to represent anyone in the MTOC so that he would not need to make frequent use of travel time to return to the MTOC. The General Counsel also argues that "the timing of Ruxlow's reassignment is suspect" (G.C. Br. 13), in that he had been traveling to the FOB extensively for years, and it was not until he represented an employee in a component other than MAPSC, on so-called "crossover" time that MAPSC management reassigned him to the FOB. Suspicions alone do not meet the burden of proof required in this case, however. Management's labor relations staff has a legitimate interest in inquiring as to use of crossover time. Use of travel time was not an unnatural consequence of this inquiry. The labor relations staff brought the travel-time matter to the attention of the line supervisor who could eliminate the problem. He had been hearing complaints from his managers about the problem, but had not fully appreciated the extent of it until receiving the report from the labor relations staff. He then acted to eliminate it. He had no ax to grind with Local 1336, or Mr. Ruxlow, and did not concern himself with labor relations matters, leaving that to the labor relations staff. The reassignment gives him an added hour of production time in an area where it is needed. Any aroused suspicions are allayed by these facts. Having concluded that the transfer of Mr. Ruxlow was now shown to be discriminatory in nature, it is unnecessary to reach other issues raised and discussed by the parties as to the alleged section 7116(a)(2) violation. B. The alleged Section 7116(a)(1) violation Since the briefs were filed in this case, the Authority has issued a decision which is central to the determination of the issue presented here, namely, under what circumstances does an unfair labor practice occur when the right of an employee to engage in protected activity /4/ collides with the right and duty of an agency to run an efficient and economic operation. See Department of the Navy, Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia, (Norfolk Naval Shipyard), 15 FLRA No. 165, 15 FLRA 867 (August 31, 1984), holding that: Ordinarily, the removal of an employee from assigned duties solely because of the employees' protected union activity constitutes an unfair labor practice. See, e.g., Internal Revenue Service, Boston District, Boston, Massachusetts and Internal Revenue Service Center, Andover, Massachusetts, 5 FLRA 700 (1981). However, the Authority recognizes that conflicts may arise between the rights of employees and the rights and duties of management. Section 7101 of the Statute, for example, provides both for the right of employees to participate in the collective bargaining process through labor organizations of their own choosing, and for the safeguarding of the public interest in maintaining an effective and efficient Government. Further, irreconcilable conflicts may arise between management's right to insist on the performance of a job that cannot be deferred and an employee's right to engage in protected union activity, such as the representational activities of the employee herein involved. Where such conflicts arise, management must be free to assign the employee, without loss of pay, to other duties that will not impair any essential function of the agency, but will permit the employee to perform those other duties and to also engage in protected union activity. It is the burden of management when exercising that right, however, to show that such a transfer of assignment is warranted. See 15 FLRA 867-868. In the Norfolk Naval Shipyard case the employee who was engaged in protected union activity was a five alarm technician, whose duties were to maintain the five alarm system, and who worked on a five alarm truck. The Authority held that his transfer off the truck was not shown by the agency to be "warranted" because "the record di(d) not demonstrate that the protected representational activities of the employee (t)here involved interfered with the performance of his duties . . . ." (id at 868). Application of the Norfolk Naval Shipyard rationale to the facts of record here calls for a different conclusion. Local 1336 has the right to assign stewards where it deems them to be necessary; and the steward has the right to assist Local 1336 by accepting this assignment. But management also has the right, indeed the duty, to run an efficient and as economic operation as possible. These rights collided in the person of Mr. Ruxlow who, as a head steward, was spending one hour a day, almost every day, over an extensive period, in traveling from a building where he represented no bargaining-unit component (the MTOC) to another building (the FOB) where he did represent a component and where all the union files on grievances are kept. Management was thus losing one hour, daily, of production time from an employee holding a job that was in short supply and necessary to perform a task essential to the activity's function-- the processing of Social Security claims. Management acted to eliminate this impediment to its function by transferring Mr. Ruxlow to the FOB. The transfer in no way interfered with Mr. Ruxlow's ability to engage fully in his actual representational duties. It involved no loss of pay, status, or job change. Supervision changed, as well as certain office perks, such as free parking-- concerns of legitimate interest to Mr. Ruxlow. However, AFGE itself recognizes that the "public interest demands . . . the continued implementation of . . . work practices to facilitate and improve . . . the efficient accomplishment of the operations of the government." See the Preamble to the parties' collective bargaining agreement (G.C. 2 A, page 1). Thus, Mr. Ruxlow's interest in staying put can be said to have been justifiably subordinated to this paramount concern of the public interest in eliminating the wasteful practice here at issue. Under the circumstances presented by this record, it must be concluded that Mr. Ruxlow's transfer was "warranted," in the Norfolk Naval Shipyard sense. Ultimate Findings and Recommended Order Respondent was not shown, by the preponderance of the evidence, to have engaged in the unfair labor practices alleged in the complaint. Accordingly, the complaint in this case should be, and it hereby is dismissed. Isabelle R. Cappello Administrative Law Judge Dated: November 21, 1984 Washington, D.C. --------------- FOOTNOTES$ --------------- /1/ The pertinent statutory provisions are as follows: Section 7116(a)(2) makes it an unfair labor practice for an agency "to encourage or discourage membership in any labor organization by discrimination in connection with hiring, tenure, promotion, or other conditions of employment." Section 7116(a)(1) makes it an unfair labor practice for an agency "to interfere with, restrain, or coerce any employee in the exercise by the employee of any right under this chapter." Section 7102 declares that: Each employee shall have the right to form, join, or assist any labor organization, or to refrain from any such activity, freely and without fear of penalty or reprisal, and each employee shall be protected in the exercise of such right. Except as otherwise provided under this chapter, such right includes the right-- . . . (1) to act for a labor organization in the capacity of a representative and the right, in that capacity, to present the views of the labor organization to heads of agencies and other officials of the executive branch of the Government, the Congress, or other appropriate authorities . . . . /2/ "Tr." refers to the transcript. Corrections to the transcript proposed by the General Counsel and unopposed by Respondent are granted. Further corrections are made pursuant to 5 C.F.R. 2423.19(r). All corrections appear as Appendix A to this Decision. Other abbreviations to be used in this Decision are as follows. "G.C." refers to exhibits of the General Counsel, and "R." to those of Respondent. "G.C. Br." refers to the brief of the General Counsel, and "R. Br." to that of Respondent. /3/ This is the statutory burden of proof. See Section 7118(a)(7) and (8) of the Statute. /4/ The protected nature of the activity here involved-- travel to perform representational duties-- seems clear; and Respondent does not argue otherwise, in its brief. Compare also Internal Revenue Service, Western Region, 11 FLRA No. 112, 11 FLRA 655, 656 (1983), holding that an agency committed an unfair labor practice by unilaterally terminating an established practice of holding grievance meetings in San Francisco and ordered the agency to reimburse the union representative for the expense of attending them.